Report 11 - Pass Cavallo project (Page currently down)
Historical & Archival Context
Florida was ceded from the Spanish to the British by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Though East Florida remained a British possession until only 1783, considerable strides were made in the occupation and development of East and West Florida during this brief period. Florida's location, situated directly along the routes for both trade and navigation between the Old World and the New, guaranteed a large amount of vessel traffic. Coastal navigation also served as the main means of trade and distribution between the Floridas until the development of the railroad in the 19th century.
Documents discovered in 1998 suggest that the identification of the vessel lost at site 8SJ3478 may have played an integral part in Britain's occupation of the Floridas. The following excerpts from SOAR's Survey Report No.3, published in May of 1999 detail the historical and archival context of site 8SJ3478 (Franklin et al, pp23-26).
Preliminary research into the identity of this vessel has provided a strong candidate. The sloop Industry was wrecked on the bar near St. Augustine on May 6, 1764 (Gage Papers, Reel 1,Vol.18,6, 13 May 1764, Ogilvie to Gage). The vessel set out from New York carrying the subsistence money, 6-pound guns and ammunition, and "artificers tools" as requested to supply several of the outposts and settlements being taken over from the Spanish after the ownership of East and West Florida was ceded to England by the Treaty of Paris of 1763.
The following document transcript excerpts from the Gage Papers tell the story of the vessel's loss and its devastating effect on the British who were struggling to cope with the protection of East and West Florida quite succinctly. Gage was the Commander of British Forces and stationed in New York. Ogilvie was the Commander of the Garrison at St. Augustine.
(Reel 1, Vol. 16,3)
5 April 1764, New York, Gage to Ogilvie
Colonel Eyre, sends you by this occasion a proportion of the tools for the use of the garrison of St. Augustine, for which you will give the master of the transport a separate receipt, and you'll be pleased to take charge of the same, and be particularly careful, that they are not Mislaid, or abused , but solely made use of in such Publick Works, as may be carryed on for the King.
Received May 30 by the sloop Anne, and answered by the Anne
Four sloops were detailed to supply the garrison at St. Augustine according to shipping manifests dated September 1764, covering a period between 4 April and 22 June, 1764. The vessels for St. Augustine were listed as follows:
sloop Industry, Captain Daniel Lawrence
sloop Peggy, Captain James Devereaux
sloop Anne, Captain Jonathan Porter
sloop Live Oak, Captain Jonathan Lawrence"
(Gage Papers, Microfilm, Reel #2 140G, On file at the P.K. Yonge Collection).
Further research into the scantlings of the vessel Industry, as well as a manifest of the exact cargo she was reported to be carrying should exist and may be located. Further historical research to supplement the archaeological evidence is currently being undertaken (Franklin et al, May 1999 23-26).
Letters dated after the wreck detail that 6-pound guns were sent to replace those that were lost on board the Industry. While no manifest detailing the exact cargo of the Industry has been discovered to date, this years recovery of more tools, including a box of axe heads, and the discovery of more shovel blades, seem to indicate there is a good chance that site 8SJ3478 may be positively identified as at least a portion of Captain Lawrence's lost vessel, the Industry.
Additional research has been discovered that describes the use of the vessel Industry by the Spaniards to evacuate St. Augustine's citizens to Havana before the British takeover (Gold 1969:72). Currently, back editions of the South Carolina Gazette and other 18th-century publications are being studied in order to further refine historical background and analysis of the vessel and her captain.
2000, Site 8SJ3478, possibly the Industry: A British 18th-Century Shipwreck, Conservation Research Laboratory Research Report #10, World Wide Web,
URL, http://nautarch.tamu.edu/CRL/Report10/history.html. Nautical Archaeology Program, Texas A&M University