Antikythera (c. 79 BCE)
The cited 1965 publication was a restudy of a project first undertaken in 1900 on the tiny island of Antikythera, located halfway between the Peloponnesus and Crete.1 It is believed to have been the first scholarly shipwreck excavation undertaken in the Mediterranean. Considering the date and excavation technology in existence, it was a surprisingly scholarly effort. The results of the original study were published in 1902. This profile is in part based on the 1965 restudy by Peter Throckmorton, but has been further updated by J. R. Steffy. The wreck was dated by pottery, amphoras, and an astrolabe. Only eleven fragments survived in 1965. Apparently only a few planking samples were raised by the divers. However, early diver’s comments that were logged indicated that there must have been an extensively preserved hull on the seabed.2
1. Throckmorton, P., “The Antikythera Ship,” in Weinberg et al., The Antikythera Shipwreck Reconsidered, TAPS 55.3 (1965): 40-47.
2. Richard Steffy, INA Shipdata Project, Texas A&M University