Classical Seafaring

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Classical Seafaring


Protogeometric and Geometric Ships

Morrison, John S. Greek Oared Ships 900-322 B.C.

Protogeometric Longships

Bass, George. "Mycenaean and Protogeometric Tombs in the Halicarnassus Peninsula" AJA 67: 353-361.
Coldstream, J.N. Greek Geometric Pottery
Cook, R.M. Greek Painted Pottery
Desborough, V.R. Protogeometric Pottery
Doorninck, Frederick H. van "Protogeometric Longships and the Introduction of the Ram" IJNA 11 (1982): 277-286.
Morrison, John. Longships and Round Ships. Warfare and Trade in the Mediterranean, 3000 B.C. -500 A.D. NMM The Ship series #2.
Wachsmann, Shelley. "The Ships of the Sea Peoples" IJNA 10 (1987): 187-220.
Williams, R.T. "Ships in Greek Vase Painting" [Magazine Source Unlisted, in offprint file].

The Khaniale Tekke Gallelys

Basch, Lucien. Le musee imaginaire de la marine antique
Boardman, J. "The Khaniale Tekke Tomb, II" BSA (1967).
Morrison, John S. Greek Oared Ships 900-322 B.C.

Historical Background for Etruscan Seafaring

Shuey, Lisa. Etruscan Maritime Activity in the Western Mediterranean ca. 800-400 B.C. [Unpublished Dissertation]
Grant, M. The Etruscans

====Etruscan Ship Representation====s

Basch, Lucien. The musee imaginaire de la marine antique
Biers & Humphreys. "Eleven ships from Etruria" IJNA 6.2 (1977): 153-156.
Bonino, Marco. "The Picene ships of the 7th century Bc engraved at Novilara (Pesaro, Italy)" IJNA 4.1 (1975): 11-20.
Hagy, James. "800 years of Etruscan Ships" IJNA 15.3 (1986): 221- 250.
Shuy, Elizabeth. Etruscan Maritime Activity in the Western Mediterranean ca. 800-400 B.C.

Bon Porte Wreck

Bon Porte I Synopses of Classical Shipwrecks [?]
Basch, Lucien. "l'Assemblage du navire de Bon-Porte" MM 67 (1981): 244.
Basch, Lucien. "l'Assemblage du navire de Bon-Porte" Dossiers de l'archeologie 29 (1978): 71.
Jestin, O. "Mediterranean hull types compared: An unusual type of construction. The hull of wreck I at Bon Porte" IJNA 9 (1980) 70-72.
Joncheray, J.P. "Excavations on the Wreck of Bon Porte, Six century B.C." IJNA 5 (1976) 88-89.
Joncheray, J.P. "Une Epave Grecque ou etrusque au large de Saint-Tropez" Dossiers de l'archeologie 29 (1978) 62-70.
Joncheray, J.P. "l'Epave grecque, ou etrusque, de Bon Porte" CahArchSub 5 (1976): 5-36.
Joncheray, J.P. "Le plus ancien navire de Provence" Recontre de'Archeologie sour-marine de Frejus-Saint-Raphael pgs 21-24.
Liou, B. "Direction des recherches sousmarines" Gallia 31 (1973): 591-592.
Liou, B. "Direction des recherches archeologiques sous-marins" Gallia 33 (1975): 595-597.
Liou, B. "Note Provisoire sur deux gisements greco-etrusques" Cahiers d'archeologie subaquatique 3 (1974): 7-19.
Pomey, Patrice. "l'Espave de Bon-Porte et les bateaux cousus de Mediterranee" MM 67 (1981): 225-243.
Shuey, Elizabeth. Etruscan Maritime Activity in the Western Mediterranean ca. 800-400 B.C.

Representations of Phoenician Ships

Basch, Lucien. Le musee imaginaire de la marine antique

The Punic Ship Discovered near Marsala, Sicily

Frost, Honor. "The Discovery of a Punic Ship" IJNA (1972).
Frost, Honor. "The Ship that May Hold the Secret of Roman Sea Power" Mankind (1972).
Frost, Honor. "The Third Campaign of Excavation on the Punic Ship, Marsala, Sicily" MM(1974).
Frost, Honor. "Discovery of a Punic Ram" MM (1975).
Frost, Honor. "The Punic Ship's Final Excavation Report" NSC supplement (1976).

The Porticello Shipwreck

Dobbs, C.T.C. Greco-Roman Shipwrecks with Works of Art
Eiseman, C.J. "Amphoras from the Porticello Shipwreck (Calabria)" IJNA 2.1 (1973): 13-23.
Eiseman, C.J. "Classical Inkpots" AJA 79 (1975): 374-375.
Eiseman, C.J. "Greek Lead" Expedition 20 (Winter 1980): 41-47.
Eiseman, C.J. Lead Ingots from the Porticello Shipwreck [Unpublished Thesis, U. Penn].
Eiseman, C.J. The Porticello Shipwreck: A Mediterranean Merchant Vessel of 41-385 B.C. [Unpublished Dissertation, U. Penn].
Eiseman, C.J. "The Porticello shipwreck" AINA Newsletter 2.1 (1975).
Owen, D.I. "Ausgrabung eines Schiffswracks aus dem 5 Jahrhundert v. Chr. in der Strasse von Messina" Antike Welt 4.1 (1973): 3-10.
Owen, D.I. "Excavating a classical age Shipwreck" Archaeology 24 (1971): 118-129.
Owen, D.I. "Picking up the Pieces" Expedition 13 (1970): 24-29.
  • Listed in Synopses of Classical Shipwrecks

Triremes: Their Crews, Training, Salary, and Positions

Amit, M. The Sailors of the Athenian Fleet
Amit, M. Athens and the Sea. A Study in Athenian Sea Power
Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World

The Modern Replica

Coates, J.F. "Reconstructing the Ancient Greek Trireme Warship" Endeavour 11 (1987): 94-99.
Coates, J.F. "The Strength and Behaviour of Tension-Tourniquets, or Spanish Windlasses of Natural Fibre Ropes" IJNA 16(1987): 207-211.
Coates, J.F. "The Trireme Sails Again" Scientific American 160 (1989): 96-103.
Coates, J.F. "Authenticity in the Replica Athenian Trieres" Antiquity 61 (1987): 87-90.
Green, M. "After 1500 Years a Trireme Tries its Water Wings" Smithsonian (1988): 75-84.
Lipke, P. "The Athenian Trireme" Oceans (1987): 8-10.
Lipke, P. "New Trials for the Trireme" Archaeology 41 (1988): 88.
Lipke, P. "Trials for the Trireme" Archaeology 41 (1988): 22-29.
Morrison, J.S. "The British Sea Trials of the Reconstructed Trireme, 1-15 August 1987" Antiquity 61 (1987): 455-459.
Morrison, J.S. "The Re-creation of the Trireme" Antiquity 59 (1985): 50-51.
Morrison, J.S. "The Second British Sea Trials of the Reconstructed Trireme, 20 July-5 August 1988" Antiquity 62 (1988): 713-714.
Morrison, J.S. An Athenian Trireme Reconstructed BAR #486.
Morrison, J.S. The Athenian Trireme
Welsh, F. Building the Trireme
Tilley's View of the Trireme
Tilley, A.F. "The Ship of Odysseus" Antiquity 44 (1970): 100-104.
Tilley, A.F. "Rowing the Trireme: A Practical Experiment in Seamanship" MM 62 (1974): 357-369.
Tilley, A.F. "Warships of the Ancient Mediterranean" The American Neptune (1990) 50: 192-200.


Flemming, N.C. "Apollonia" Marine Archaeology
Flemming, N.C. "Underwater Adventure in Apollonia" The Geographical Mag. (1959).
Kenny, E.J. "The Ancient Docks on th Promontory of Sunion" BSA(1947).
Sears,J.M. "Oeniadae VI The Ship-Sheds" AJA (1904).
Shaw, J. "Greek and Roman Harbourworks" History of Seafaring

Greek Naval Strategy and Tactics

Casson, Lionel. "The Ram and Naval Tactics" The Athlit Ram
Rogers, W.L. Greek and Roman Naval Warfare
Starr, C.G. The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History

Hanno the Carthaginian

Boardman, J. The Greek Overseas
Bunbury, E.H. A History of Ancient Seafaring
Carey, M. The Ancient Explorers
Carpenter, R. "Phoenicians in the West" AJA (1958).
Carpenter, R. Beyond the Pillars of Heracles
Harden, D.B. "The Phoenicians on the West Coast of Africa" Antiquity (1948).
Ramin, J. Le periple d'Hannon (The Periplus of Hanno)
Oikonomides, A.N. Hanno the Carthaginian

The Piraeus

Garland, R. The Piraeus
Meijer, F. A History of Seafaring in the Classical World
Muckelroy, Keith. Archaeology Underwater

Phoenician Fleet of Pharaoh Necho/Sataspes

Basch, Lucien. "Trieres grecques, pheniciennes et egyptiennes: Journal of Hellenistic Studies 97 (1977): 1-10.
Boardman, J. The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume III. Part 3. The Expansion of the Greek World, Eighth to Sixth Centuries BC.
Bunbury, E.H. A History of Ancient Geography
Cary, M. The Ancient Explorers
Casson, Lionel. Travel in the Ancient World
Herrmann, P. Conquest by Man
Hyde, W.W. Ancient Greek Mariners
Lloyd, A.B. "Were Necho's Triremes Phoenician?" Journal of Hellenic Studies 95 (1975): 45-61.
Morrison, J.S. "The First Triremes" MM 65 91979): 53-63.
Taylor, E.G.R. The Haven-Finding Art: A History of Navigation from Odysseus to Captain Cook
Tozer, H.F. A History of Ancient Geography

The World According to...

Bunbury, E.H. The History of Ancient Geography
Casson, Lionel. Ancient Trade and Society
Dilke, O.A.W. Greek Roman Maps
Tozer, H.F. A History of Ancient Geography
Wetherill, H.B. The World and Its Discovery

The Harbors at Motya and Carthage

Hamblin, D.J. "'Carthage must be destroyed' It was, but now is reappearing" Smithsonian(Feb 1979): 42-55.
Hurst, Henry. "Excavations at Carthage, 1974--First Interim Report" The Antiquaries Journal 55 (1975): 11-40.
-Second Interim Report, TAJ 56 (1976): 177-197.
-Third Interim Report, TAJ 58 (1978): 232-261.
Hurst, Henry "A Metropolitan landscape: The Late Punic port of Carthage" World Archaeology 9 (1978): 334-346.
Isserlin, B. "The Phoenician Island City of Motya" Illustrated News 3 (March 1962): 328-330.
Whitaker, Joseph Motya, A Phoenician Colony in Sicily
Yorke, R.A. "Survey of Building Techniques at the Roman Harbours of Carthage and Some Other North African Ports" Harbour Archaeology BAR #257.

Davies, Norman de G. "A Syrian Trading Venture to Egypt" JEA 33 (1947): 40-46.
Faulkner, R.O. "Egyptian Seagoing Ships" JEA 26 (1942): 3-12.
Save-Soderbergh, Torgny. The Navy of the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty

The Kyrenia Ship

Katzev, M.L. "A Cargo from the Age of Alexander the Great" Marine Archaeology
Katzev, M.L. "Cyprus Underwater Archaeological Search, 1967: National Geographic Society Research Reports; 1967 Projects.

-1968, and 1969 also.

Katzev, M.L. "Kyrenia 1969: A Greek Ship is Raised" Expedition 12.4 (1970): 6-14.
Katzev, M.L. "The Kyrenia Ship" History of Seafaring
Katzev, M.L. "The Kyrenia Ship Restored" The Sea Remembers
Katzev, M.L. "Resurrecting the Oldest Known Greek Ship" National Geographic 137.6 (1970): 840-857.
Katzev, M.L. "Resurrecting the Ancient Greek Ship" Explorers Journal 53.1 (1975.
Katzev, M.L. "Kyrenia II: Building a Replica of an Ancient Greek Merchantman" Tropis I: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Ship Construction in Antiquity.
Katzev, M.L. "Kyrenia II: Research on an Ancient Shipwreck comes Full Circle in a Full-Scale Replication" INA 13.3 (1986): 2- 11.
Katzev, M.L. "Last Harbor for the Oldest Ship" National Geographic 146.5 (1974): 618-625.
Katzev, M.L. "Voyage of Kyrenia II" INA 16.1 (1989): 4-10.
Phulaktou, A.K. To Karabi tes Keruneias
Pulak, Cemal "The Hellenistic Shipwreck at Serce Limani, Turkey: Preliminary Report" AJA 91 (1987): 31-49.
Steffy, J.R. "The Kyrenia Ship: An Interim Report on its Hull Construction" AJA 89 (1985): 71-101.
Steffy, J.R. "The Role of three-dimensional Research in the Kyrenia Ship Reconstruction" Tropis I:Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Ship Construction in Antiquity
Swiny, H.W. "The Kyrenia Shipwreck: A Fourth-century B.C. Greek Merchant Ship" Marine Archaeology

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