Cornwallis Cave (1780)

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This was one of at least 14 vessels scuttled off the beach at Yorktown by the British to discourage landings by French and American forces in 1781. One of several Yorktown wrecks to be studied, this vessel was exposed only at the bow and stern during a shipwreck survey by a team composed of divers from the Virginia Research Center for Archaeology and the American Institute of Nautical Archaeology. Hull tonnage is an estimate based on the size of the hull. Less than ten percent of the hull survived, mostly in the ends of the ship. The principal dimensions are largely based on comparative construction. The best preserved framing timbers were cant frames and hawse pieces in the bow and half-frames in the stern.1

References

1. Richard Steffy, INA Shipdata Project, Texas A&M University.

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