Fiumicino 1 (ca. 375)
This wreck seems to have been redesignated by the latest investigator, Guilia Boetto; it was previously listed as Fiumicino B. In both cases, it designates the vessel also known as “Oneraria Maggiori I.” This vessel was a large barge that was normally towed from the right bank of the Tiber River by beasts, but it was also equipped with at least one sail. Questionable C14 dating assigned a date of late 2nd century, but construction indicates a 4th or 5th century origin. Its assembled remains are on display in the Fiumicino Museum near Rome’s Leonardo da Vinci International Airport. The shell of planking was edge-joined with small, pegged joints similar to those of the 4th century Yassiada wreck. However, there are also numerous unpegged joints, and at least some of these are thought to represent repairs. The average tenon spacing of 41.5 cm is representative of a maximum of 76 cm and a minimum of 17.5 cm between joint centers. The framing pattern is difficult to document. Frames were crudely made, varied in dimension, and wandered back and forth so as to vary the room and space greatly at various locations. Only six floor timbers were bolted to the keel, others were nailed to it, as were some half-frames, while some timbers were left unattached entirely. 1
1. Richard Steffy, INA Shipdata Project, Texas A&M University.