When: Probably from the 6th century BC
Where: Etruria, on the Western coast of Italy
Origin: It is probably from Etruscan origin
The Giglio wreck was found by a British diver named Vallintine in 1961 and heavily looted until the eighties. It was excavated by Mensun Bound between 1982 and 1986.
No data about its probable size or drawing of the site seams to have been yet released. The keel was preserved along around 3 m length presumably in the zone of the stern. It had rabbets in all it’s preserved extension. It’s section varied between 206 x 196 mm (molded x sided) at the after end and 119 x 196 mm at the other end. No frames seam to have been preserved. Four planks were preserved, one on one side of the keel and three on the other. From the drawing (published in the supplement 1, 1991) the planking thickness seems to be between 4 and 4.5 cm. It showed triangular notches cut along the inboard edges and holes drilled diagonally down, emerging on the seam. Each hole was plugged with a small peg. At intervals, between the holes for the lacing, horizontal wooden dowels were placed in the strakes, through the seam. Caulking was apparently done with pitch or resin. Nine different species of trees were supposed to have been used in the construction of the hull. It is referred that the planking is made of pine (Pinus sylvestris) and the keel of what is referred as a ‘heavy timber’. No dimension of the dowels or their spacing is given in the bibliography available. The pegs had Ø of 7/8 mm and lengths of a ‘few’ cm. No information on their spacing is available. No information on the type of lacing is given.
Bound, Mensun, Survey of Possible Etruscan Wreck, Giglio Island 1982. In ‘Bulletin of Oxford University Exploration Society’, (1982) 6 :10-15
Bound & Vallintine, A Wreck of Possible Etruscan Origin off Giglio Island. In ‘I.J.N.A.’ 12.2 (1983):16-17
Bound, Mensun, Early Observations on the Construction of the Pre-Classical Wreck at Campese Bay, Island of Giglio: Clues to the Vessel’s Nationality. In Sewn Plank Boats. Ed. S. McGrail and E. Kentley, pp. 49-65. BAR International Series 276 / National Maritime Museum Archaeological Series 10. Oxford, 1985.
The Search for the Giglio Wreck, Part I. In ‘Minerva’, Jan 1990, Vol. 1, N. 1,
The Giglio wreck. In ‘ supplement 1'. Hellenic Institute of Marine Archaeology. Athens, 1991, and A Wreck of Likely Etruscan Origin off the Mediterranean Island of Giglio (c. 600 BC).
‘Recent Advances in Marine Archaeology’, Proceedings of the 2nd Indian Conference on Marine Archaeology of Indian Countries, Jan 1990. Society for Marine Archaeology, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, 1991
and McKee, Arthur, Tarquin’s Ship, the Etruscan Wreck in Campase Bay. Souvenir Press, London 1985.