Hjortspring Boat

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         Earliest N. European vessel found. Remarkable features: double horns at bow and stern, similar to Scandinavian rock art images. Keel plank a hollowed log, upper strakes joined laced lapstrake. Thwarts for rowers.  Built around 350 BC (established by relative dating/ comparison of weapons styles associates and C14 2 samples:370 &390 BC) in the Baltic region, used likely for raiding, then sacrificed (?) in a bog on the island of Als, Denmark. Discovered (in fragments)1880-1889 by peat cutters. 1915 museum official Jens Raben hears of it.  Excavated 1921-22 by Gustav Rosenberg. Reassembly by Fr.Johannesen. Exhibited at National Museum in Copenhagen 1921-mid 60s. Re-conserved replacing alum with PEG 400 1960s-80s. Reconstructions attempted beginning 1971.  1986 reexcavated bog area, found. 2 new wood samples for C14 dating. 1986 New exhibition built. 1995-1999 seaworthy replica Tilia Alsie built.  


Crumlin-Pedersen, O. and A. L. Trakadas, Hjortspring: A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. Ships and Boats of the North, Volume 5. Roskilde, The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde. 2003. Randsborg, K. Warfare & Sacrifice in Early Europe Aarhaus university press, Cambridge U. Press, DK/UK 1995. Kaul, F. Da våbnene ta. Hjortspringfundetog dets baggrund. Copenhagen National Museum of Denmmark/Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1988. McGrail, S. Ancient Boats in N.W. Europe. Longman Group UK, New York, 1987. Westerdahl, C. Crossroads in Ancient Shipbuilding: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology. Roskilde 1991. Rieck, F. and O. Crumlin-Pedersen. Bade fra Danmarks oldtid. 1988 Randsborg, K. (1995). Hjortspring: Warfare & Sacrifice in Early Europe Jensen, J. The Hjortspring Boat Reconstructed. Online at http://hjortspring.dk/wold/index_en.htm accessed 9/10/10. Jorgensen, A. N. Maritime Warfare in Northern Europe: Technology, organisation, logistics and administration 500 BC - 1500 AD. Studies in Archaeology and History. Copenhagen, The National Museum. Papers from an International Research Seminar at the Danish National Museum, Copenhagen, 3-5 May 2000. Ship Terminology quick reference: p.206-8. In Crumlin-Pedersen, O. (1997). Viking-Age Ships and Shipbuilding in Hedeby/Haithabu and Schleswig. Schleswig, National Museum of Denmark.   Internet sources: http://www.vikingeskibsmuseet.dk/index.php?id=1323&L=1 http;//hjortspring.dk/wold/index.en.htm

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