Iberian shipwrecks in the Azores

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Iberian shipwrecks in the azores (1526 – 1906)


16th century


1526


1. Azores

Santa Maria Spanish nao.[1]


1529


2. Flores Island

La Trinidad Spanish nao, Captain Diego Sanchez Colchero.[2]



1539


3. Faial Island

Spanish nao, of Alonso Delgado, from Hispaniola, some cargo saved.[3]



1542


4. São Miguel Island

San Juan Spanish nao, of Juan Hurtado, from Tierra Firme.[4]


5. Terceira Island.

Grifo Portuguese nao, of Carreira da Índia, Captain Baltazar Jorge. Lost while moored.[5]



1549


6. Santa Barbara Spanish nao [6]



1550


7. Terceira Island, na Praia.

Santa Maria de la Flor de la Mar Spanish nao, of Sebastian Quesada.


8. Terceira Island

Santa Maria de la Piedad Spanish nao, from Hispaniola [7]



1551


9. San Anton Spanish nao, from Puerto Plata, de Juan Basquero.[8]



1552


10. La Magdalena Spanish nao.[9]


11. Terceira Island, porto de Angra

Santiago Spanish nao, from México, of Miguel de Oquendo, already unloaded. [10]


12. Spanish nao, of Santiago de Vain.[11]



1554


13. Terceira Island

Spanish nao, almiranta, of Bartolomé Carreño, from Juan Tello de Guzman’s fleet. [12]


14. São Jorge Island

Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Spanish nao. [13]


15. Pico Island

La Maria Spanish galeon, with 2 million pesos. [14]



1555


16. Terceira Island, run aground

Ascensão (Algarvia Velha) Portuguese nao from the Carreira da Índia, Captain Jácome de Mello.[15]


17. San Medel y Celedón Spanish nao, from México.[16]



1559


18/19/20. Faial Island

Three Spanish ships: two naos (one of Gregorio de Espinosa) and a patacho (of Francisco Nuñez), all of them coming from Puerto Plata. [17]



1560


21. Faial Island

Santa Maria de Begoña Spanish nao. [18]


22/23/24. Three Spanish ships coming from Santo Domingo. [19]


25. Terceira Island

Spanish nao, of Bartolomé Perez. [20]


26. Terceira Island

Concepcion Spanish nao, of Pedro Roelas. [21]



1563


27. Terceira Island, near Monte Brasil

Nuestra Señora de la Luz Spanish nao, in bad weather, Captain Juan Garcia, from Santo Domingo. [22]


28. São Jorge Island

El Espiritu Sanctu Spanish nao. [23]


29. Terceira Island, Angra harbor, on the 28th, November

Spanish caravel, from Jamaica. [24]



1566


30. Portuguese nao, 300 tons, with 60.000 cruzados.[25]



1567


31. São Miguel Island

La Concepción Spanish nao, from Havana, Captain Luis de Alcalá, some cargo was salvaged. [26]



1568


32. São Miguel Island,at Relva, Ponta Delgada, 17th February

Portuguese caravel, run aground, with wheath. [27]


33. August, the 4th, São Miguel Island, 3 leagues off Vila Franca

Spanish nao almiranta, run aground. [28]


34. Terceira Island

Spanish carvel, from México. [29]



1576


35. Santa Maria island

Nuestra Señora de la Concepción Spanish nao, from San Domingo, Captain Bartolome de Espinar.[30]



1580


36. São Miguel Island, the 24th January

Santa Catalina Spanish nao, of the Armada Real de las Indias, Captain Luis de Villalobos.[31]



1582


37/38. São Miguel Island, on August, the 4th

Two Spanish naos from the fleet of the Santa Cruz fleet, run aground.



1583


39/40/41. Terceira Island, Angra bay, a 21 de October

Three Spanish patachos, run aground in bad weather,


42. São Miguel Island, near Vila Franca, September

Catalina Spanish nao New Spain, run aground, artillery salvaged.[32]



1585


43. Corvo Island

Portuguese nao.[33]


44/45/46/47/48. São Miguel Island

Five Portuguese ships sunk by two English ones.[34]



1586


49/50/51/52. Terceira Island, Angra bay, 17th and 18th September

Four Spanish naos: Santa Maria de Tomala (from Santo Domingo, run aground on a reef), Nuestra Señora de los Remédios (capitania with 30 bronze guns), Santa Maria del Juncal (some cargo salvaged) and Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (of Juan de Guzman).[35]



1587


53. Terceira Island, Angra bay

Santiago Portuguese nao, of the Carreira da Índia, Captain Francisco Brito Lobato, lost while moored, the people and the goods were rescued and salvaged.[36]


54. Perto da Terceira Island

Spanish nao da Nova Espanha, 56.000 escudos were salvaged.[37]



1588


55. Terceira Island

Nuestra Señora del Rosario Spanish nao.


56. Terceira Island

Santiago Spanish nao.[38]


57. Faial Island

Spanish nao of Pedro Yllanes, 100 tons.[39]



1589


58. Terceira, Angra bay, on the 4th August

Portuguese galleon with silk, gold, silver and porcelain, coming from Malaca.[40]


59. Terceira Island, October the 20th

Nuestra Señora de la Guia Spanish nao, with pearls, silver and 200.000 golden ducados, sunk by an English ship.[41]


60. Terceira Island

Nuestra Señora del Rosario (I)

Spanish nao.


61. Terceira, Angra bay

Nuestra Señora del Rosario (II)

Spanish nao.


62. Faial Island

Nuestra Señora del Loreto Spanish nao.


63. Faial Island

San Juan Spanish nao.


64. Faial Island

El Espiritu Sanctu Spanish nao.


65. Faial Island

San Cristobal Spanish nao. [42]



1590


66. São Miguel Island

Nuestra Señora de Begoña Spanish nao.[43]


67. Terceira Island, Angra bay , January

Spanisg ship of the Biscaia fleet, went into pieces.[44]



1591


68. Flores Island, on the 9th July

Santa CruzPortuguese nao of the Carreira da Índia, Captain António Teixeira Macedo, burnt by the English in a bay .[45]


69. Flores Island, August the 30th

Assunción Spanish galleon, 530 tons and 17 guns, while fighting the Revenge.


70. Flores Island, 31 de August

La Serena Spanish Flyboat, almiranta of Luís Coutinho’s squadron, sunk by the Revenge.


71. Pico Island, September

Spanish nao.


72/73. São Jorge Island, near Topo, September

Two Spanish naos of the Flota de las Indias, one of Juan Antonio.


74. Lost at high seas, in between the islands, September

Vegoña Spanish nao of Sevilha, from Sancho Pardo’s squadron, 70 drowned.


75. Near Formigas islets, September

San Medel y Celedón Spanish nao of the Flota de las Indias.


76. At high seas, between Flores and Terceira islands, 17th September

Espiritu Sanctu Spanish nao, from Santo Domingo, only one survivor.


77. Terceira, north coast, September

Spanish treasure ship, capitana from México.


78. Terceira Island, September

Magdalena Spanish nao, of Urquiola’s squadron, run aground.


79. Terceira, September, 2 leagues off Angra, south coast

Santa Maria del Puerto Spanish nao, ditched by the crew


80. Terceira Island, September

Spanish nao, of Pedro Marin.


81. Terceira Island, September

La Milanesa Spanish nao.


82. São Miguel Island, September

Spanish nao, of Venero.


83. São Miguel Island, September

Espiritu Sanctu Spanish nao.


84. Graciosa Island, September

Spanish patacho, from Urquiola’s squadron, run aground, crew rescued, guns salvaged.


85. Santa Maria Island, September

La Campechana Spanish nao.[46]



1592


86. Off Faial Island, Chagas Portuguese nao, of the Carreira das Índias, sought, attacked and sunk by English ships.[47]



1593


87. São Miguel Island

La Encarnación Spanish nao.


88. São Miguel Island

Nuestra Señora de los Remedios Spanish nao.


89. São Miguel Island

La Magadalena Spanish nao.[48]



1597


90. São Miguel Island

São Francisco Portuguese nao, of the Carreira da Índia, Captain Vasco da Fonseca Coutinho, run aground in order to flee English corsairs.[49]




17th century



1603


91. São Miguel Island

Nuestra Señora de los Reyes Spanish nao, from San Domingo, Captain Luis de Acosta.[50]



1605


92. São Miguel Island

El Unicornio Spanish ship.[51]



1606


93. Santa Maria Island

La Gracia de Dios Spanish nao, Captain Alonso Valenzuela, from México.[52]


94. Terceira Island, Angra

São Jacinto Portuguese nao, of the Carreira da Índia, Captain Pedro da Silva[53]



1608


95. Terceira Island

Spanish nao, capitana of Juan de Salas Valdez, from México.[54]



1611


96. São Jorge Island

Portuguese galleon português, guns salvaged.[55]



1615


97. São Miguel Island

Portuguese nao.[56]


98. Faial Island, 7th November, at Carrasca de Porto Pim

Nossa Senhora da Luz Capitania of the Carreira da Índia, run aground.[57]


99. Faial Island, 9th November, Porto Pim

Portuguese ship coming from São Tomé.[58]



1625


100. Faial Island

Portuguese nao, almirant of the Esquadra de Portugal, the crew was rescued.[59]



101. Corvo Island

Spanish nao, from Porto Rico, Captain Sebastian Hidalgo.[60]



1633


102. Santa Maria Island

San Antonio y Buena Esperanza Spanish nao, from México, Captain Francisco de Goycoechea.[61]



1634


103. Santa Maria Island, 16th May

Santo António Portuguese carvel, coming from India.[62]



1642


104. Terceira Island, April, Angra bay, near the Dois Paus fortress

Portuguese ship, sunk by a combination of bad weather and artillery salvos..


105. Terceira Island, October

Run aground, at São Mateus

Portuguese nao, almiranta 250 tons, captain Domingos Aguiar.[63]



1644


106/107/108. Three Portuguese galleons, from Brazil.[64]



1649


109/110/111/112. Terceira Island, Angra bay, 12th February

Four Portuguese ships.[65]



113. near Terceira Island, November

Portuguese frigate, sunk by a corsair. [66]



1650


114. Terceira Island, run aground

Santo António Portuguese shipfrom São Cristóvão, cargo was salvaged.[67]



1651


115. São Miguel Island, at Ponta da Galé

São Pantaleão Portuguese galleon from the Armada do Brasil, 300 dead, 30 survivors..


116. Terceira Island, at Praia

São Pedro de Hamburgo Portuguese galleon, 600 tons, from Brasil.[68]



1654


117. Near Corvo island, November

Portuguese ship, from Brasil, carrying Father António Vieira.[69]



1659


118. Pico Island Vila da Madalena harbor, 17th February

Portuguese ship, with 9 aboard, master Manuel Sousa.[70]



1660


119. Faial Island

Nossa Senhora da Boa Memória Portuguese carvel, coming from India.[71]



1663


120/121/122/123/124/125/126/127. Terceira Island Angra bay

Eight Portuguese Portuguese ships, out of a fleet of eleven from Brazil, run aground, general Francisco Freire de Andrade.[72]



1690


128. Terceira Island, 26th March, Angra bay

Portuguese ship to Cape Verde, with lime and bells to the Sé.[73]



1691


129. Graciosa Island

Portuguese patacho.[74]



1695


130. São Jorge Island, 15th de September, at Ponta do Topo

Boat from Pico, run aground while escaping a Moorish corsair ship.[75]



1697


131/132/133/134/135. Terceira Island, November, Angra bay

Five Portuguese ships, with wheath, run aground in a storm.[76]




18th century



1700


136. Corvo Island

Nuestra Señora de la Providencia Spanish galleon, from Santo Domingo.[77]


137. São Jorge Island, at Ponta do Galeão, Monteiros

Portuguese galleon, from Brasil.[78]



1706


138. Santa Maria Island

Nuestro Señor y San José Spanish ship, from Tierra Firme, 100 tons[79]


1717


139. Terceira Island, Angra bay, Monte Brasil

Portuguese ship.[80]


1719


140. Faial Island

Portuguese ship, from Maranhão.[81]



1727


141. Flores Island

Nuestra Sra. de las Angústias y San José Spanish galleon, Captain Juan Fernandez Arnal, no guns, half of the treasure was salvaged.[82]



1770


142. Corvo Island, December

Spanish nao, with indigo and precious gems.[83]



1778


143. Terceira Island, 31 de December

Nuestra Señora de la Concepción Spanish polaca, ditched by the crew after it was hit by shots fired from the São Brás fortress and the English corsair ship Retaliation. Run aground in Terceira Island with cargo valued at 111.261 pesos fortes, of which were 43.629 in coinage. Captain Narciso Plá.[84]



1779


144/145/146/147. São Miguel Island, 25th August, east coast, Forte da Salvação bay, Ponta Delgada

Four Portuguese ships run aground in a storm.[85]


148. Flores Island, 28th August

Poderoso Spanish ship, 74 guns.[86]


149. São Miguel Island, January

Two Spanish ships


150. Faial Island, 31st October

Portuguese ship.


151. Faial Island, 31st October

Nuestra Señora del Carmen Spanish frigate, 7 dead.[87]



1782


152. Faial Island

El Rosario Spanish ship[88]



1786


153. Faial Island

Nuestra Señora del Rosário Spanish ship.



1788


154. Corvo Island

San Fernando Spanish ship, with Campeche wood.[89]



1796


155. Terceira Island, 30th June, 9 leagues off the island

São José Portuguese brigantine, burned by French corsairs.[90]





19th century



1803


156. São Miguel Island, August, Ponta Delgada

Spanish galley


157. São Miguel Island, August, Ponta Delgada

Portuguese ship[91]


158. São Miguel Island

Amizade Portuguese brigantine, from Madeira.[92]



1807


159. Graciosa Island, Santa Cruz harbor

Nossa Senhora do Rosário Portuguese brigantine, salvaged.[93]



1810


160. Faial Island

Susana Portuguese galley.[94]



1811


161/162/163/164/165/166/167. Terceira Island, Angra bay

Seven Portuguese ships,with a SE storm, run aground.[95]



1812


168. São Miguel Island, Ponta Delgada, May

América e Providência Portuguese brigantine, run aground.[96]



1813


169. Faial Island

Delphim Portuguese brigantine.[97]


170. São Miguel Island, Vila Franca islet, 1st February

Restaurador Portuguese brig.[98]



1815


171. São Miguel Island

América Portuguese brigantine, salvaged.[99]



1817


172. Terceira Island, on a reef, off São Mateus

São José do Bonfim Portuguese ship.[100]



1818


173/174. Flores Island, to the west

Two Portuguese ships, one from Paraíba another from Rio de Janeiro, sunk by South American corsairs.[101]



1821


175. São Jorge Island, at Calheta, 2nd of March

Conceição e Almas Brig from Ponta Delgada.[102]



1825


176/177/178. Faial Island, a 22 de January

Three Portuguese ships.[103]


179. São Jorge Island, 22nd de September, at Velas, Areia das Caravelas beach

Portuguese ship, cargo and crew rescued


180. Faial Island, 23rd September, at Almoxarife beach

Portuguese ship, 11 dead


181. São Jorge Island, 23rd September, at Juncal de São Tiago

São Bartolomeu Portuguese ship, split in two, stern was salvaged.[104]



1831


182. São Miguel Island, at Ponta Delgada harbor, 10th August

Packet ship from Pernambuco, run aground, all officers died.[105]



1832


183. São Jorge Island, at Fajã das Almas, 27th January

Ship from Calheta, with cereal.[106]


184. Terceira Island, 18th February

Nerco Portuguese yacht.[107]



1841


185. Terceira Island, a 21 de January, encalhou no Porto Novo

Dona Clara Portuguese schooner.[108]



1843


186. São Miguel Island, 10th of April, at Ponta Delgada, off the Duque de Bragança gun platform

Paquete dos Azores Portuguese yacht.[109]



1844


187. São Miguel Island, 15th February, at Ponta Delgada, at the point of the pier, São Francisco beach

Nova Sociedade Portuguese yacht.[110]



1845


188. São Miguel Island, 21st of April, at Rosto de Cão beach, São Roque

Melitão Yatch.[111]


1846


189. Terceira Island, 8th January

Duqueza da Terceira Portuguese patacho.[112]



1847


190. São Miguel Island, 30th January

Tio e Sobrinhos Portuguese yacht.[113]



1849


191. São Miguel Island, 30th December, on the roccky shore off the Corpo Santo market, Ponta Delgada

Novo Viajante Portuguese patacho.[114]



1851


192. Faial Island, November, Horta bay

Cruz Portuguese brig, of Francisco Silva Reis.[115]



1853


193. São Miguel Island, 4th May, na praia de Vila Franca do Campo beach

Boa Esperança Portuguese yacht.[116]



1856


194. São Jorge Island, 6th January, Velas harbor, facing Espigão

Leonor Portuguese schooner, in stormy weather, sunk with all hands.[117]


195. São Miguel Island, 14th March, at Castelinho de São Pedro

Tino Portuguese brig, salvaged.[118]


196. Pico Island, 9th May

Pombinha Portuguese bark.[119]



1857


197. Graciosa Island, 4th May

Bernardo Portuguese yacht.[120]


198. São Miguel Island, on the Santa Clara rocks, at Ponta Delgada

São Salvador Portuguese palhabote.[121]



1858


199. Faial Island, 17th January, Horta bay

Jupiter Portuguese schooner, at the rocks on the Custom’s house corner.


200. Faial Island

Margarida Leonor Portuguese brig, near the sea wall


201. Faial Island

Nereida Portuguese schooner, at Frades rock.[122]


202. Terceira Island, Angra bay, 19th January

Desengano Portuguese patacho


203. Terceira Island, Angra bay, 19th January

Palmira Portuguese schooner.[123]


204. São Miguel Island, 30th November

Três Amigos Yacht, after striking King Arthur.[124]


205. Faial Island, 31st December

Joven Fayalense Portuguese bark, going to Lisbon.[125]



1859


206. Pico Island, 16th April, off the pier

Caridade Portuguese yacht, 100 tons, eight dead.


207. Santa Maria Island, against rocks

Falcão Portuguese patacho, from São Miguel.[126]



1860


208. São Miguel Island, 21st May, at Laguim rock,Ponta Delgada

Liberdade Portuguese patacho, Captain Urbano José Teles.[127]



1861


209. Terceira Island, 26th January, Angra bay

Micaelense Portuguese patacho, 111 tons


210. Terceira Island, 26th January, Angra bay

Destro Açoriano Portuguese lugre, 224 tons[128]


211. São Miguel Island, 12th October, at Laguim rock

Rainha dos Azores Portuguese schooner.[129]


212. Faial Island, 28th December, Horta aby, near Monturo

Brazileira-Açoreana Bark, run aground.[130]



1863


213. Pico Island, 23rd May, south coast

Garibaldi Portuguese patacho.[131]


214. Pico Island, 23rd December, Feteira harbor, Calheta

São Bernardo.[132]



1864


215. São Jorge Island, 22nd March, on a reef located between Fajã Rasa and Fajã de Vasco Martins

Algorta Spanish brig, 9 crewmembers and a cotton load.[133]


1865


216. São Miguel Island, 4th January, Ponta Delgada, at Alfândega pier

Constante Portuguese yacht.


217. São Miguel Island, 5th January, Ponta Delgada

União Vencedora Portuguese schooner. [134]


218. São Miguel Island, at Laguim rock, 21st December

São José 2º Portuguese patacho, 1 dead.[135]



1867


219. São Jorge Island, 10th October, at Monteiros, facing Ribeira das Agulhas

São João

Pico boat with a NNE wind, 35 dead.


220. Faial Island, a 29 de November, no Porto Pim

Santa Cruz Portuguese yacht[136]


221. São Miguel Island

Oliveira Portuguese yacht, run aground.[137]



1868


222. Faial Island, 8th December, Horta bay, on the beach facing Castelo Novo

Firmeza Whaling bark, 224 tons, Captain Antonio Bixo, from Flores.[138]



1871


223. Santa Maria Island, 13th November, Praia bay, 50 meters away from the coastline

Canarias Spanish steamer, turned turtle and caught fire.[139]


224. São Miguel Island, at Vila Franca do Campo

Sympathia Portuguese yatch.[140]


225. São Jorge Island, December

Dias São Miguel schooner, of Domingos Dias Machado, run aground with an orange cargo.


226. Faial Island, January

Maria da Glória Portuguese bark.[141]



1873


227. Flores Island, near Lajes

Georgina Portuguese patacho.[142]



1877


228. Pico Island, 18th August, some miles off Pico

Estrela de Caminha Portuguese yacht, with salt and tiles to Flores.[143]


1883


229. São Miguel Island, 18th July, at Lagoa, Porto dos Carneiros

Luso Portuguese steamer, 1.071 tons, run aground in fog.[144]


230. Pico Island, 28th July

Pimpão Lugre português, 15 mortos.[145]



1884


231. From Terceira to São Miguel, in April

União Portuguese yacht.[146]



1888


232. São Jorge Island, 9th November, Calheta

Amizade Portuguese falucho, 400 meters east of Calheta harbor, at “three rocks” reef.[147]



1892


233. São Miguel Island, 19th March, São Pedro reef, Ponta Delgada

São Tomé Portuguese brig.[148]


234. Flores Island, 19th December

Maria Spanish bark, 259 tons.[149]



1893


235. Terceira Island, 28th August, Porto Novo beach

Segredo dos Azores Portuguese patacho, run aground in a storm.


236/237. Between Angra and Pico

Two Portuguese ships, Santa Cruz (yacht) and São Bernardo (caíque).



238/239. Faial Island, inside the pier

Two Portuguese ships.[150]



1896


240/241/242. Terceira Island, Angra bay, 13th October:

Three Portuguese ships, in a storm: Fernão Magalhães (patacho 180 tons), Príncipe da Beira (lugre, 275 tons) and Costa Pereira (lugre 196 tons).[151]



1899


243. São Jorge Island, 17th October, at Velas, “areia do poço de beber”

Velense Portuguese steamer.[152]


245. São Miguel Island, 3rd September, Ponta Delgada

Helena Portuguese bark.[153]


1905


246. São Miguel Island, 2nd March, Tufo reef, between Vila and Ribeira Quente

Maria Amélia Coastal steamer, of LaurénioTavares.[154]


247. Graciosa Island, 12th October, Santa Cruz harbor

Julia Portuguese schooner, Captain Tobias da Costa Biáia.[155]


1906


248. Terceira Island, 30th September, run over Porto Novo reef

Rio Lima Portuguese yacht, Captain Custódio de Paula Carvalho.[156]




Reference: MONTEIRO, Paulo Alexandre (2008) “Da nota de rodapé ao monte de lastro: naufrágios ibéricos na área dos Azores (1526-1906)”, in Symposium “Os Naufrágios Portugueses e Espanhóis no Arquipélago dos Azores”, co-organizado pelas Academia de Marinha e Fundácion Iberoamericana para el Fomento de la Cultura y Ciencias del Mar. Lisboa, 04 a 07 de November de 2008.



Archives


AAE - Archives des Affaires Etrangères (Paris/Nantes, França)

AAPD – Arquivo da Alfândega de Ponta Delgada (São Miguel, Azores, Portugal)

AGM- Arquivo Geral da Marinha (Lisboa, Portugal)

AGI – Archivo General de Indias (Sevilha, Espanha)

AGS – Archivo General de Simancas (Valladolid, Espanha)

AHU - Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino (Lisboa, Portugal)

ANTT - Arquivo Nacional Torre do Tombo (Lisboa, Portugal)

APS -Archivo de Protocolos (Sevilha, Espanha)

BA – Biblioteca da Ajuda (Lisboa, Portugal)

BNL – Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa (Lisboa, Portugal)

BPADAH – Biblioteca Pública e Arquivo Distrital de Angra do Heroísmo (Terceira, Azores, Portugal)

BPARH – Biblioteca Pública e Arquivo Regional da Horta (Faial, Azores, Portugal)

PRO – Public Record Office (Kew, Surrey, Inglaterra)


AA – Arquivo dos Azores

BIHIT – Boletim do Instituto Histórico da Terceira Island

GL – Gazeta de Lisboa







[1] 1, APS, oficio I, livro I.

[2] 2, APS, oficio I, livro II.

[3] 3, AGI, Indiferente General, m. 423

[4] 4, AGI, Indiferente General, m. 1093, f. 9

[5] 5, Albuquerque, Luís (1989) Relações da carreira da Índia - contém navios da carreira da Índia (1497-1653), códice anónimo da British Library e Governadores da Índia pelo Pe. Manuel Xavier. Lisboa: Alfa, pp. 29 e122.

[6] AGI, Contratación, 2898.

[7] idem.

[8] AGI, Indiferente 2000.

[9] AGI, Contratación, 2898.

[10] AGI, Indiferente 1093.

[11] AGI, Contratación 4339 e Indiferente General 2000.

[12] AGI, Contratación, 4339; FERNANDEZ DURO, Cesareo (1904) Naufragios de la Armada Espanhola, vol. I. Madrid, p. 12.

[13] AGI, Contratación 2898.

[14] AGI Indiferente 1561.

[15] Albuquerque, op. cit., pp. 34 e 127; Quintella, Ignácio da Costa (1839) Annaes da Marinha Portugueza. Lisboa: Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, p. 467; MALDONADO, M. (1985) Relação das Náos e Armadas da Índia Com os sucessos dellas que se puderem saber, Para Noticia e instrucção dos curiozos, e amantes Da Historia da Índia (British Library, Codice Add. 20902): Leitura e anotações de Maria Hermínia Maldonado. Coimbra: Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra.

[16] AGI, Contratación 2898.

[17] AGI, Consulados, L. 48 e Contratación. 5104/06.

[18] AGI Contratación 2898.

[19] AGI Contratacion 5104.

[20] AGI, Consulados, L. 48.

[21] FERNANDEZ DURO, op. cit., vol II, p. 494.

[22] AGI, Contratación 5104.

[23] AGI, Contratación 2898.

[24] AGI, Contratación, 5167.

[25] GIL, Maria Olímpia (1979) O arquipélago dos Azores no século XVII: aspectos sócio- económicos (1575-1675). Edição da autora: Castelo Branco, p. 349.

[26] AGI, Indiferente 1093.

[27] GIL, op. cit., p. 120.

[28] Meneses, Avelino de Freitas de (1987) Os Azores e o domínio filipino, vol. I. Angra do Heroísmo: Instituto Histórico da Terceira Island, 1987, p. 64.

[29] AGI, Contratación 5168.

[30] AGI, Contratación 5105.

[31] AGI, Contratación 4683 e Indiferente 1096.

[32] MENESES, op. cit., p. 64.

[33] ANTT, maço 112, parte 1.

[34] AndradE, Luís (1988) “Alguns tópicos sobre as relações entre os Azores e o Reino Unido”, in Arquipélago - Edição Especial. Ponta Delgada: Revista da Universidade dos Azores, 1988, pp. 195-201.

[35] AGS G. y M. m. 188; AGI Contratación 4375 e 5108; AGI Indiferente General m.1805; MENESES, op. cit.

[36] BA Cod. 44-XIV-4, fl. 286 v. – 287; ALBUQUERQUE, op. cit., pp. 46 e 138.

[37] MENESES, op. cit., p. 312.

[38] AGI, Contratación 2899.

[39] AGI, Contratación 5106-B

[40] LINSCHOTEN, Jan.(1609) Histoire de la Navigation. Amsterdam: Jean Evertz Cloppenburch; AFONSO, João (1984) “O galeão de Malaca no Porto de Angra em 1589: um processo judicial – Linschoten”, in Os Azores e o Atlântico (Séculos XIV-XVII). Angra do Heroísmo: Instituto Histórico da Terceira Island, pp. 177-205.

[41] AGI, Contratación 2449.

[42] AGI Contratación 731A, 2899, 2949, 5108/9, Indiferente 1100 AGS, G. y M., m. 417; “A cruising Voyage to the Azores in 1589, by the Earl of Cumberland,” in KERR, Robert (1824) A general history and collection of voyages and travels, arranged in systematic order: forming a complete history of the origin and progress of navigation, discovery, and commerce, by sea and land, from the earliest ages to the present time. Vol. VII. Edinburgh: William Blackwood.

[43] AGS, G. y M., m. 417.

[44] LINSCHOTEN, op. cit.; FERNANDEZ DURO, op. cit., vol II, p. 498.

[45] BNL, Reservados; caixa 26, doc. 153.

[46] AGI Contratación 2899, 2949, 5108/9, 5187. Indiferente 1101/1969; AA, Vol. II, 1880, Ponta Delgada; AGS GA l.326, d. 21, d. 29, d. 36, d. 44, d. 45, d. 57, d. 202, GA l.626, Consiglio de Guerra; AGS GA 341, d. 331; FALCÃO, André (1981) “Do Sucesso da Armada que foi às Ilhas Terceiras no anno de 1591”, in AA, vol. VI, Instituto Cultural de Ponta Delgada, Ponta Delgada; LINSCHOTEN, op. cit.; MARTINEZ, R. (1988) Las Armadas de Felipe II. Madrid: Editorial San Martin; RALEIGH, Walter (1904) “A report of the trues of fight about the Isles of Azores, the last of August 1591, betwixt the Revenge, one of her Majesties shippes, and an Armada of the King of Spaine” in The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques & Discoveries of the English Nation: Made by Sea Or Over-land to the Remote and Farthest Distant Quarters of the Earth at Any Time Within the Compasse of These 1600 Yeeres by Richard Hakluyt. London: J. MacLehose and Sons; ROWSE, A. (1937) “Sir Richard Grenville of the Revenge”. Londres: Jonathan Cape. TEIXEIRA, M. (1971) A batalha da Flores Island - Sir Richard Grenville e o Revenge, BIHIT vol. XXV-XXVI, Angra do Heroísmo.

[47] AMARAL, Melchior Estácio do (1604) Tratado das batalhas, e sucessos do galeam Santiago com os Olandezes na Ilha de Santa Elena, E da nao Chagas com os Inglezes entre as Ilhas dos Azores: ambas Capitanias da carreyra da India, & da causa, & desastres, porque em vinte annos se perdêraõ trinta, & oyto naos della. Escrito por Melchior Estacio do Amaral, na officina de Antonio Alvares. Lisboa.

[48] AGI Contratación. 1014, 4386, 5101. Ind. 742, 1103, 1108 e 1115.

[49] BA, 51-VIII-19, n.º 108, fl. 69 - 69 v.; ALBUQUERQUE, op. cit. p. 143

[50] AGI, Consulados, Leg. 836, 837-A.

[51] AGI, Contratación 2899.

[52] AGI, Indiferente 1122.

[53] BNL, Reservados; caixa 26, doc. 153; DRUMMOND, op. cit., vol. I; BA 51-VIII-9, Copias das cartas d’el rei para vários vice-reis de Portugal e outras pessoas, n.º 21 e 22.

[54] FERNANDEZ DURO, op. cit. vol. III, p. 484; AGI, Indiferente 1135.

[55] BIHIT, vol. XLI, 1983, p.150.

[56] idem.

[57] MONTEIRO, Paulo (1999) O naufrágio da nau da Carreira da Índia Nossa Senhora da Luz,Relatório dos trabalhos de monitorização do sitio do naufrágio da Nossa Senhora da Luz (Horta, Azores). Angra: CNANS/DRAC; AHU, Azores, caixa 1, docs. 8 e seguintes; AGS, Secretarias Provinciales, livro 1473, fl. 64; AHU, Livro em que se escrevem os caixões novos que se usam para o embarque das fazendas tiradas do naufragio da nau capitania. Códice 2045; BULHÃO PATO, R (1893) Documentos remettidos da India ou Livro das Monções publicados de Ordem da Classe de Sciencias Moraes, politicas e Bellas-Lettras da Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa e sob a direcção de Raymundo Antonio de Bulhão Pato socio da mesma Academia. Lisboa: Typographia da Academia Real das Sciencias. Tomo IV; GUEDES, Ana Maria, “Viagem da Birmânia aos Azores Filipe de Brito de Nicote e o naufrágio, no Faial, da nau capitania Nossa Senhora da Luz”, O Faial e a periferia Açoriana nos sécs. XV a XIX, pp.141-160; BETTENCOURT, José (2002) Projecto de caracterização arqueológica do sitio do naufrágio da nau portuguesa Nossa Senhora da Luz, Porto Pim da Horta. Trabalhos da Arqueonova, Lisboa.

[58] AHU, Azores, caixa 1, doc. 10/11/1615.

[59] FERNANDEZ, Duro, op. cit., p. 449.

[60] AGI, Contratación 5116.

[61] AGI, Consulados, Leg. 466.

[62] Anais Clube Militar Naval, XCIC, t. 1-3.

[63] MALDONADO, Manuel Luís (1990) Fenix Angrence vol. II - Parte Histórica, transcrição e notas de Helder Fernando Parreira de Sousa Lima. Angra do Heroísmo: Instituto Histórico da Terceira Island.

[64] BIHIT, vol. XLI, 1983, p.161.

[65] DRUMMOND, op. cit., vol. II. P. 98

[66] MALDONADO, op. cit., pp. 324-325.

[67] GIL, op. cit., p. 399.

[68] AAPD, Livro de Registo da Alfândega de Ponta Delgada, 1638-1654, fls. 546 e 546v; MONTEIRO, Paulo (2000) "A perda do galeão São Pantaleão (1651): um naufrágio da Companhia Geral do Comércio do Brasil nos Azores". in As ilhas e o Brasil - Actas do VI Colóquio Internacional das Ilhas Atlânticas. Funchal: Centro de Estudos de História do Atlântico/Secretaria Regional do Turismo e Cultura, pp. 215-240; BA, Códice 51-VIII-32. Governo do Visconde de Vila Nova da Cerveira, Copiador de Cartas, Patentes, Bandos, Ordens, 16/9/1650 a 15/2/1651, tomo III, fls. 232v.-233v; BA, Códice 52-X-2, doc. 85 e MELO, Francisco (1977) Relaçam dos sucessos da Armada, que a Companhia geral do Comercio expedio ao estado do Brasil o anno passado de 1649. de que foi Capitão General o Conde de Castel Melhor in Epanáforas de vária história portuguesa por Dom Francisco Manuel de Melo. Introdução e apêndice documental por Joel Serrão. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional -Casa da Moeda, p. 541; BOXER, Charles (1950) Blake and the Brazil fleets in 1650. In The Mariner’s Mirror, vol. 36, no. 3, July; MENEZES, Luís (1945) História de Portugal Restaurado, vol. II. Porto: Livraria Civilização, pp. 340-341.

[69] BARROS, André, S.J. (1746) Vida do Apostólico Padre António Vieira. Lisboa: Nova Oficina Sylviana.

[70] BPARH, manuscrito de Francisco Garcia do Rosário (1850-1851), “Memória Genealógica das Famílias Faialenses”, f. 7.

[71] GUINOTE, P., FRUTUOSO, E. & LOPES, A. (1998) Naufragios e outras perdas da Carreira da India, Lisboa: Edição do Grupo de Trabalho do Ministério da Educaçãoo para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos.

[72] DRUMMOND, op. cit., vol. II, p. 144.

[73] MONTE ALVERNE, Agostinho de O.F.M. (1986) Crónicas da Província de São João Evangelista das Ilhas dos Azores, vol. III. Ponta Delgada: Instituto Cultural de Ponta Delgada; GIL, op. cit., p. 21.

[74] MALDONADO, op. cit.

[75] CUNHA, Manuel Azevedo (1981) Notas Históricas I – Estudos sobre o concelho da Calheta (São Jorge), II – Anais do Município da Calheta (S. Jorge). Ponta Delgada: Universidade dos Azores, p. 472.

[76] MONTE ALVERNE, op. cit., p. 180.

[77] Diário Insular, 22 October 1972.

[78] CUNHA, op. cit., p. 15.

[79] AGI, Contratación 2901.

[80] CORDEYRO, Antonio (1717) Historia insulana das ilhas a portugal sugeytas no oceano occidental, composta pelo Padre Antonio Cordeyro da Companhia de Jesus, Insulano tambem da Ilha Terceyra, & em idade de 76. annos, para a confirmaçam dos bons costumes, assim moraes, como sobrenaturaes, dos nobres antepassados Insulanos, nos presentes. Lisboa: Officina de Antonio Pedrozo Galram.

[81] GL, nº 28, 1719.

[82] PRO SP 89/34, 23/05/1727, f. 146; AAE B1.66, f.191; AGI Consulados leg 836, 856, Contratación 2902; AGI Cons. 836, 856 e. 2902; Anais Mun. Flores, p 39; GOMES, Francisco (2003) A Flores Island: da Redescoberta à Actualidade (Subsídios para a sua História): Lajes das Flores: Câmara Municipal de Lajes das Flores, 2.ª edição, 2003, p. 130; MACEDO, A., 1981, História das Quatro Ilhas que Formam o Distrito da Horta, vol. I, Fac-símile da edição de 1871, SREC/DRAC, Porto; SILVEIRA, J. (1969) Anais do Município de Lajes das Flores, Anotados por Pedro da Silveira e Jacob Tomaz, Edição da Câmara Municipal de Lajes das Flores, Lajes das Flores.

[83] MACEDO, op. cit. vol 1, p. 257.

[84] AHU, Azores, caixa 15, doc. 6.

[85] MONTE ALVERNE, op. cit.; GL, nº 40, 8/10/1779.

[86] FERNANDEZ DURO, pp. 46-50.

[87] AGS, Leg. 7319

[88] BERNAL, Antonio (1992) “La Financiacion de la Carrera de Indias 1492 – 1824: Dinero y credito en el comercio colonial español con America”. Fundacion El Monte., p. 465.

[89] ANTT, Maço 71.

[90] AA, vol. XI, pp. 449.

[91] BPADAH, A.30, M.8, P.14, doc. 13.

[92] BPADAH, A.30, M.5, P.6, doc. 10.

[93] BPADAH, A.30, M.23, P.10, docs. 2 e3.

[94] BPADAH, A.30, M.18, P.2, doc. 30.

[95] DRUMMOND, op. cit., vol. III, p. 221.

[96] BPADAH, A30, M9, P5, doc. 3.

[97] BPADAH, A.30, M.19, P.1, doc. 3.

[98] BPADAH, A.30, M.9, P.19, docs. 7 e 8.

[99] BPADAH, A.30, M.9, P.5, Doc. 3.

[100] AA, vol. XIII, p. 489.

[101] BPADAH, Capitania Geral dos Azores, Faial Island, Correspondência do Governador do Faial, 1811 – 1821, M9.

[102] AA, vol. XIII, p. 489.

[103] BPADAH, A.30, M.20, P.2, doc. 15.

[104] MACEDO, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 500-502.

[105] Diário dos Azores, 10/08/1831.

[106] AA, Vol. XIII, p. 493.

[107] AGM, caixa 457.

[108] Angrence nº 225.

[109] Persuasão, nº 1606.

[110] idem, nº 1666

[111] idem, nº 1696.

[112] Angrence nº 502.

[113] Persuasão nº 1783.

[114] idem nº 1796.

[115] MACEDO, op. cit., vol II, p. 210.

[116] Persuasão, nº 1918.

[117] Jornal de Comércio, 28/03/1856.

[118] idem, 06/06/1856.

[119] idem nº 923, 1856.

[120] Angrence nº 977.

[121] Persuasão nº 1993.

[122] DABNEY, R. 1895, Annals of the Dabney Family in Fayal compiled by Roxana Lewis Dabney, Press of Alfred Smudge & Son, Boston.

[123] Jornal Angrence nº 1006, 1858.

[124] Angrence nº 1030.

[125] MACEDO, op. cit., vol II, p. 259.

[126] AA, vol. XIII, p. 494.

[127] Persuasão nº 2014.

[128] Registo de Entradas Capitania, BIHIT, vol. XVII, 1959, p.241.

[129] Persuasão nº 2044.

[130] Persuasão nº 2044; Fayalense, nº 22, 29/12/1861.

[131] Angrence nº 1219.

[132] Jornal de Comércio, nº 3056, 22/01/1864.

[133] Aurora dos Azores, nº 584.

[134] Persuasão nº 2163.

[135] idem nº 2209.

[136] idem, nº 3000.

[137] Jornal de Comércio, nº 4303, 1868.

[138] MACEDO, op. cit., vol II, p 345, Fayalense nº 17, 13/12/68.

[139] Diário Governo, nº 101, 1872; Fayalense 25/09/71.

[140] Jornal de Comércio, nº 5455, 1872; Diário do Governo, nº 101, 1872.

[141] Jornal de Comércio, 19/01/1871.

[142] MACEDO, op. cit., vol.I, p. 521.

[143] Jornal Comércio, nº 7145; Fayalense 26/8/1877.

[144] O Occidente, nº 172, de 1/10/1883.

[145] Persuasão nº 3202.

[146] AA, vol. XIII, p. 496.

[147] CUNHA, op. cit.

[148] Persuasão nº 3575.

[149] AA, vol. XI, p. 4.

[150]AGOSTINHO, José (1953) “O ciclone de 28 de August de 1893”, sep. da. Açoriana, vol. 5 (I ). Angra do Heroísmo: Sociedade de Estudos Açorianos Afonso Chaves e A União, 28/08/1945.

[151] União nº 852, 13/10/1896.

[152] AVELAR, José Cândido (1902) São Jorge Island (Azores) - Apontamentos para a sua História. Horta: Typographia Minerva Insulana.

[153] Persuasão nº 3964.

[154] Diário dos Azores, s.4, nº 4144.

[155] idem, s.4, nº 4323.

[156] Diário dos Azores, s.4, nº 4610.

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