Lomellina, Villefranche-sur-Mer wreck

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Discovered 1979, Villefranch-sur-Mer, French Mediterranea, near Nice. Excavated from 1982-1990, 2001,2001. Site lay 18m deep on 45 slope, silted over. Overall: est. 46.5m length x 14m width x 4.4m. Keel length: 33.38m. Est. Tonnage:. 825 tonnes

 The Lomellina sank during a high-wind storm September 15, 1516 in Villfranche-sur-Mer harbor during repairs. A carvel, frame-based Genoese nave a heavy merchant cargo ship used for trade and transport which may have been supplying guns and ammunition to troops on land during the Great Wars of Italy.  Identified via associated coins, pottery, timber sourcing and by mention in State Archives in Genoa. Had aboard wrought-iron guns, carriages and ammunition, molds, multiple sizes of lead, iron and stone shot, and a variety of grenades. Notable structural attributes: side portholes, Mediterranean style mast step, orlop deck with conduits for bilge water and  a partially repaired capstan. 

• Max Guérout, Eric Rieth, Jean-Marie Gassend.
“Le Navire génois de Villefranche, un naufrage de 1516?” [“Did the Genoese ship of Villefranche sink in 1516?”], Archaeonautica #9/1989, 171 page monograph. 

 • Eric Rieth -
“L’épave du début du XVIème siècle de Villefranche-sur-mer” [“The Villefranche early 16th century wreck”], Carvel Construction Technique, Oxbow Monographs, 12, Reinders, R & Paul, K. (eds.), Oxford, 1991, p 47-55. 5

 • Eric Rieth -
“L’emplanture du grand mât de l’épave du début du XVIème siècle de Villefranche-sur-Mer: un exemple d’emplanture de tradition méditerranéenne”, in Medieval ships and the Birth of Technological Societies, vol. II, Villain-Gandossi, C., Busutti, S. & Adal, P. (eds.), Malta, 1991. p. 179 - 196.

 • Max Guérout -
“La coupe de la Lomellina”, in Un goût d’Italie, catalogue of the Argilla 93 exhibition, Aubagne, 1993. p.48.

 • Max Guérout 
“Encylopaedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology”, articles, Lomellina, London, 1997.

 • Max Guérout, Eric Rieth -
“The wreck of the Lomellina at Villefranche-sur-mer, in Excavating ships of war”, Oxford University Publication, Oxford, 1998, p.38-50 • 
Max Guérout, Pierangelo Campodonico, Salvatore Giannino -
“Les grands navires de la Renaissance”, (bilingual publication: French-Italian), Genoa, 2000. 70 pages.

 • Max Guérout. “L’épave de Villefranche-sur-mer, in Conservation-restauration des œuvres d’art - 30 ans d’activité d’ARC-Nucleart”, Grenoble, 2000, p.76-78 • Furio Ciciliot -
Della Navis Lomellina e del suo Legname – Lo sfruttamento dei boschi genovesi per uso navale (1500-1530), dans Navis, Numero 2/2000, p12-35.

 • Arnaud Cazenave de la Roche -
Etude sur une cargaison de barriques mises au jour dans l’épave de Villefranche sur mer (1516?), Mémoire de Diplôme de l’Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 2001. (non publié)

 • Max Guérout-
Article Lomellina dans International Handbook of underwater archaeology, New-York, 2002, p. 441-442.

 • Guérout Max -
Il rivestimento in piombo della nave « Lomellina » dans Pratiche e linguaggi - Contributi a una storia della cultura tecnica scientifica. Gênes ,2005

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