Oost Flevoland B71 Lelystad buertschip

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Discovered and excavated 1980-81 Lelystad, Oost Flevoland, Netherlands during Zuiderzee land reclamation project. Vessel’s life dates ca. 1580-1620, a cargo and passenger ferry (beurtschip, wijdschip). Hull recorded by Dr. F. Hocker; example of bottom-based construction. Dutch vernacular example of bottom-based carvel construction, spyukerpennen present in lowest strakes. Had leeboards, full center-mounted rudder with wings, skeg, multiple sails and spars, rabbeted keel, 47 irregular frames, keelson atop frames, single mast step amidships. Oak planking and timbers, oak treenails, some iron fastening, used sparsely. Stem and stern posts two large knees.. Repaired extensively over lifetime. Dimensions: 18.5m length (including rudder) ca.5m beam, 2.41m. keel to toprail. Large cargo hold, decks fore and aft, small crew quarters with tile hearth in forepeak. 2 windlasses, 3 burr pumps. Rigging: Single mast, large spritsail, small headsail Associated artifacts: 2 cittern, 187 whole eggs, 30 pr. shoes, salvor’s tools, mower’s tools.

Bibliography: Hocker, F. 1991 ‘The Development of a Bottom-Based Shipbuilding Tradition in North western Europe and the New World’, PhD Thesis, Texas A&M University. Hocker, F. 1991.‘The Lelystad beurtschip: A preliminary report on the hull remains', in Scheepsarcheologie.- prioriteiten en lopend onderzoek, eds R Oosting & R Reinders, Flevobericht 322, Lelystad., Netherlands. Lemee, C.P.P. 2006. “The Renaissance Shipwrecks from Christianhaven” Ships and Boats of the North 6. Roskilde. Denmark. Oosting, R 1992, ‘Een zeventiende-eeuws beurtschip opgegraven in Lelystad’ in Schokland revisited; cultuur historisch jaarboek voor Flevoland, ed N Huizinga, Wal- burg Press, Zutphen. Reinders, R 1983, ‘The excavation and salvage of a 16th century Beurtship’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration, vol. 12, no.4, pp 336-338. Unger, R 1981, ‘Dutch shipbuilding in the Golden Age’, History Today, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 16-21 Rijksdienst voor archeologie, cultuurlandschap en monumenten (RACM) website <www.racm.nl>. ‘Van wijd en smalschepen’, www.Bataviawerf.nl

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