Rigging Chronology

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This is a basic rigging chronology that is currently under construction.

Date Event Image Comment Source
50,000 BC Colonization of Australia Archaeological finds Bellwood 1979, 38-43.
11,000 BC Sailing in the Mediterranean Obsidian from Melos in SE Peloponnese Franchthi Cave Cherry 1990, 193.
3500 c. BC First depiction of a sail (square) First Depiction of Sail Casson14-11.jpg Egypt - Pot from the Gerzean period. Probably not Egyptian, as the ship has high prow and stern, looking more like Mesopotamian Bass 1972, 12-13
3000 c. BC Stone buildings and plank boats Egypt Casson 1994, 15
2500 c. BC Rowing and tiller bar Egypt Casson 1994, 19
2450 c. BC Seagoing ships with hogging trusses and bipod masts 2450BC Casson22-17.jpg Egypt - Relief in Sahure pyramid. Casson 1994, 22
2000 c. BC Low aspect sail Egypt Casson 1994, 36
1900 c. BC Pole mast stepped amidships 1900BC Casson20-16.jpg Egypt Casson 1994, 20
1500 c. BC Seagoing ships with pole masts 1500BC Casson24-18.jpg Egypt - Hatshepsut tomb relief Casson 1994, 24
1400 c. BC Round ships. Sails still have booms. 1400BC Casson37-30.jpg Egypt - Painting in tomb in Thebes Casson 1994, 37
1190 c. BC Loose-footed square sail Relief on the temple of Ramses III. Casson 1994, 24
510 c. BC Brails 510BC Casson45-36.jpg Athenian cup in the British Museum Casson 1994, 44-46
480 c. BC Artemon mast 480BC_Casson46-38.jpg Etruscan tomb in Tarquinia Casson 1994, 44-46
400's BC Large merchantmen: ten-thousenders Greece Casson 1994, 121
230 c. BC Syracuse: three masts Description by Atheneus Casson 1994, 122
Sails (leather): ships of the Veneti
100's Lateen rig 100s lateen2ndCasson118.jpg Tombstone found in the Piraeus, now in Athens, dated to the 2nd century. Casson 1994, 118
200 c. Sprit rig 100s lateen2ndCasson118.jpg Tombstone, Istanbul Casson 1994, 116
200 c. Leather sail? 200AD Leather Casson135-100.jpg Relief in the Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier, Germany. Battens suggest a leather sail. Casson 1994, 135
400 c. Yassiada II Shipwreck [[File:400AD_ya4-398.jpg]|thumb|]
500 c. Tantura A Shipwreck 500AD TanturaA-K338.jpg
510 c. Square sail 510AD 504-526SantApollinareNuovo.jpg Last representation of a square sail in the Mediterranean. Dated to 504-526. Church of Sant Apollinare Nuovo. Ravena. Casson 1994
600-625 St. Gervais II Shipwreck
625 c Yassiada I
sec IX Two-masted lateener Representation in Greek manuscript Carbonell Relat s/d, 28
800 c. Tantura F Shipwreck
850 c. Sails (square) in Viking ships: Gokstad Ship Casson 1994, 147
850 c. Square sails in the Mediterranean? 850AD Carolingianshipc850.jpg Representations of a square sails in Carolingian manuscripts. Haywood 1999, 180 and Cassagnes-Brouquet 2003, 28-29.(1)
874 c. Bozburun Shipwreck
900 c. Agay A Shipwreck
900 c. Agay B Shipwreck
900 c. Bateguier Shipwreck
115... Central rudder: Kolerup cog
1025 c. Serçe Limani Shipwreck
1150-1200 Central rudder: iconography 1150AD Casson153-114.jpg Relief Winchester Cathedral Casson 1994, 153
Squaresail01-bellabarba.jpg Earliest representation of a square sail in the Mediterranean after the 5th century. Church in Pec. Bellabarba
First mention of a caravel - Genoa Ciciliot 2005
Carracks with two masts Alfonso X, Las siete partidas Carbonell Relat s/d, 28
FIRST COCCHE iconography?
1200's three-masted lateener "St. Mark approaching Egypt", mosaic, Basilica of St. Mark, Venice. Casson 1964, 78
1226 Mention of a caravel in Portugal Foral de Gaia? Elb 1986, 546
1438 Caravels built for the king of Burgundy Paviot 1989, 309
1300 c. Contarina I Ship
1310-1350 Painting by Paolo Veneziano w/ skeleton first 1310AD Casson31-23.jpg Bash 1972, fig. 12
1300-1325 Culip VI Shipwreck Culip vi.jpg
1336-1338 Quadra-latina 1336quadralatina-bellabarba01.jpg Painting "dal Buon Governo" by Ambrosio Lorenzetti, in the Pinacoteca di Siena. Bellabarba 1999, 85
c. 1350 The word carrack appears in the North, referring to the cocche. Friel 1995, 159
1353 Catalonian contract mentioning a quadra-latina Friel 1995, 158
1367 Iconography of a quadra-latina Friel 1995, 158
1300-1350 Bonnets Friel 1995, 159
1350 c. Les Sorres X shipwreck
1400 Flanders: coca with three rudders (1 central and 2 lateral ones) Carbonell Relat s/d, 29
1400 c. Logonovo Ship
1409 Foremast in Catalonian drawing: first representation of a three-masted, ship-rigged ship
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