Sea Venture (1609)
One of a fleet of seven ships and two pinnaces bound for Jamestown, Virginia, the Sea Venture struck a reef off St. George’s Island in Bermuda and sank. Very little of it survived, but there is at least enough of it to provide a partial assessment of English galleon construction at the beginning of the seventeenth century. A cannon and the possessions of at least 150 colonists were among the reported artifacts. Most of the hull fastenings were unwedged treenails.1
1. Richard Steffy, INA Shipdata Project, Texas A&M University.