ANTH 313, HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

                                 FIRST EXAMINATION - MAKE UP


NAME_____________________________ November 30, 2000


Discuss, define and/or Identify


1. Historical Archaeology, besides existing to antagonize students taking a course in the subject, is practiced for any number of reason(s). Define historical archaeology so as to differentiate it from archaeology in general.(4 pts) Read question 2 before answering this question.







2. The three major goals of historical archaeology according to Orser and Fagan (authors of your textbook) are: (6 points)

            a__________________________________________________________

            b _________________________________________________________

            c. _________________________________________________________

 

3.         You think that a historic site dating from 1700 to 1830's is located on the hill behind your house. Discuss several ways that you might locate the best possible place to excavate. For the sake of argument, I am assuming that you live in Bryan/College Station. (5 points)






 

 

4.         In the process of setting up for an excavation and conducting the excavation, what are the first things that you would do. (5 points)










5. In terms of ceramics, you would expect to find at your site on the hill a ceramic sequence similar to any other similarly dated site in North America.

On the website for this class, the English ceramic sequence was discussed in terms of six periods (I-VI). List these period, provide the rough dates, include the major ceramic types, and include any individual who had a major role to play in the development of any period. (25 points)

            I.__________________________________________________________________________



II. _________________________________________________________________________



III. _________________________________________________________________________



IV.__________________________________________________________________________



V.___________________________________________________________________________



VI.__________________________________________________________________________




6. Using the site of Port Royal as an example, list and discuss briefly the different categories of material culture recovered during the excavation of the site. (5 pts)













7. In historical archaeology, there are two major formula dating techniques. They are mean ceramic dating and pipe stem diameter dating. Explain how each techniques is utilized to derive a fixed date. (20 points)


Mean Ceramic Dating










Pipe Stem Diameter Dating









 

8.         English kaolin smoking pipes are most often dated on the basis of:

            a. ________________________________

            b.________________________________

            c. _____________________________

Circle the letter of the most accurate method. (6 pts total)


pipes.jpg










9. Arrange the pipe bowls above in chronological sequence from early (1600) to late (1840).

(4 pts)

                        Arrange by letter designation __________________________________



10. Define foodways (5 points)




11. James Deetz, based on his excavations in colonial New England used the concept of foodways to identified three periods, (Stuart or Yeoman 1620-1660; Anglo-American 1660-1760; and Georgian 1760-1835; each period exemplified in the three figures attached somewhere on this test and as discussed on the class web site. Each period has its own ceramic assemblage and characteristics. In general, what socio-cultural interpretations does he use to explain the archaeological patterning exhibited in the periods. Non-ceramic data should also be used in defining the three periods. Think and be thorough in your answer. (10 pts)

Write here and opposite the appropriate figure on the following page.














stuart-cer.jpg

<---Total assemblage of ceramic sherds from the Edward Winslow site, Plymouth Mass., 1635-50.
















Total assemblage of ceramic shered from the Joseph Howland site, Plymouth, Mass, 1675-1725. ----->

geog-cer.jpg















Total assemblage of ceramic sherds from a trash pit used by

a single family, Plymouth, Mass, 1830-35.



















12. On the web site for this class, a site on probate and other records was posted. Identify the more significant documents discussed and the types of data that can derived from them that would assist in the interpretation of an archaeological site. (10 points)