Department of Anthropology
ANYH 313, Historical Archaeology
Fall 2014, Anthropology Room 130, meets 9:35 - 10:50 AM TTR
Fall 2014 Tentative Course Schedule
Subject to revisions and refinements which will be posted on the on-line syllabus.
Use the on-line syllabus for the latest web links to the posted reading assignments.
Instructor: Donny L. Hamilton
Office: Room 102B, Anthropology Building
Phone: (979) 845-6355
Office Hours: 10AM - 2 PM Monday & Wednesday or by appointment
Class Information Internet Portal: http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/313/
Class syllabus: http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/313/313syl.htm
COURSE DESCRIPTION: Historical archaeology has been defined in a number of ways. Perhaps the simplest definition is the one that holds that "Historical archaeology is the study of the remains from any historic period." A historic period being any period in which the cultures in question have a documentary record and that writing has a full impact both on the culture being studied and in the scholarship of the investigation. As applied and defined in this course, historical archaeology is the study of European Cultures (generally Western European) and their spread into the New World and across the Globe from post-1500 to the recent past. However, the spread of Asian and African cultures into the New World are also included. In historical archaeology research, written documentation usually contribute as much to the research as the archaeological excavations and material culture. In fact, historical archaeology is an intimate marriage of archaeology and documents. A range of cultures, time periods and material culture are represented. The intent is present to the students in the class an overview of the subject through lectures, films, slides, covering a selection of historic sites that represent the types of research being conducted in historical archaeology. As much as possible, the subject of historical archaeology will be presented by using examples from on-going research. Accordingly, the Internet will be used extensively for topical examples to exemplify on-going archaeological research. If you do not have a personal computer, then you can access the web pages at the library computer center.
LEARNING OUTCOME: On completing this course students will have an understanding of how an archaeological excavation is organized, know the types of features and artifacts found in historic site excavations, be exposed to the documentary records used and how these data sources are melded together to formulated cultural interpreting and reconstructions.
The 1554 Plate Fleet, Padre Island, (1554), Texas- Spanish
Wolstenholme Towne, (1618-1622), Virginia - English
Port Royal, Jamaica (1655-1692) sunken city - English
The Belle- French (1686), Matagorda Bay, Texas - French
Plimouth, Massachusetts, (1627) - English
Historical Archaeology, Ivor Noël Hume
A Guide to the Artifacts of Colonial America by Ivor Noël Hume
In Small Things Forgotten, James Deetz
SELECTED ASSIGNED READINGS FROM:
Text Aided Archaeology ed. by Barbara J. Little.
Post-Medieval Pottery 1650-1800 by Jo Draper
Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, ed. by Robert L. Schuyler
Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America ed. by Robert L. Schuyler
Historical Archaeology by Charles E. Orser, Jr. and Brian Fagan
Doing Historical Archaeology by Russell J. Barber
Other People's Garbage
Search for a Century - Wolsteholm
1554 Plate Fleet
The Skeletons of Spitalefields - .
For the latest version of the course syllabus, see:
WEEK 1, Sept. 2, 4: Introduction and Basic Terms
Film: "Other People's Garbage" & Discussion
WEEK 2, Sept. 9, 11: Introduction and Basic Terms, cont'd
Reading: Noel-Hume Historical Archaeology (HA) Chpt I, Introduction
Hume, HA, Chpt II, Thinking before Digging
Hume, HA, Chpt III, People and Tools
Noel-Hume Artifacts, Signposts to the Past
Deetz, Chpt 1, Recalling things Forgotten: Archaeoology and the American Artifact
Deetz, Chapt 2, The Anglo American Past
WEEK 3, Sept. 16, 18: Artifact Distribution Patterns and Pattern Recognition
Artifact Patterns Explained and critiqued
Brunswick Pattern of Refuse Disposal
The Carolina Artifact Pattern
The Frontier Artifact Pattern
The Kitchen Pattern
WEEK 4, Sept. 23, 25: Plimouth and Wolstenholm, two early 17th-Century English Sites
Film - Search for a Century & Discussion
Hume, HA, Chpt IV, Beginning to Dig
Hume, HA, Chpt VII, Keeping the Record and Presenting the Story
Nat. Geog. June 1979, Vol. 155, No. 6, pp. 735-767.
Nat. Geog. Jan. 1981, pp. 53-77.
Plimouth, Massachussetes: Archival Project
- Glossary of Terms
- Research Papers:
- Plimouth Probate Records:
- Selected Wills:
- Architectural Forms- Vernacular House Forms:
Deetz, Chpt. 5, pp. 92-117, I Would Have the Howse Stronge in Timber under architectural forma
WEEK 5, Sept 30, Oct. 2: Port Royal, Jamaica, A Late 17th-century English Site
Pirates and Merchants: Port Royal, Jamaica by Hamilton in X Marks the Spot: The Archaeology of Piracy
Port Royal History/Excavations Web Page
Port Royal Excavation - PowerPoint
Architecture, Brick Buildings
Read Chpt V in Hume, HA and Bricks and Brickwork, pp. 80-84
How to reconstruct buildings from archaeological remains
Deetz, Chpt V, I would have the Howse Stronger in Timber
Deetz, Chpt VI, Small Things Remembered
WEEK 6, Oct. 7, 9: Documentary Records
Pre-excavation Fieldwork: Documents, Interviews, Buildings
Simon Benning, Pewterer of Port Royal,
Also see pp. 39-54, Text-Aided Archaeology, ed. Little.
"Following the Written Record Trail" and Genealogical Research - an example - The
Required Written Research Exercise to be turned in Thursday, Nov 21, 2014
Detailed instructions and expectations are here: Genealogical Research Exercise Instruction
Click on the links and download the pedigree chart and the family group record
The family group record is provided to add additional information on the entire family of each generation. A separate family group record is used for each generation.
Fill out the charts as well as you can, starting with yourself. Then go to one of the following web sites and conduct a search to see if you can find any connections to your family. Follow out any leads you find and print out if possible. You are more likely to find a connection the further back in your genealogy you can go such as your great grandparents or great great grandparents. If your family is from Texas or the South, the TAMU Evans Library has all the Texas and many of the southern states’ census records. This exercise is the basis of the type of genealogical research that is conducted when one excavates a historic site.
Ancestry.com - http://www.ancestry.com/search/main.htm
FamilySearch.com - Church of Latter Day Saints - http://www.familysearch.org/
Family Tree Maker - http://www.familytreemaker.com/
WEEK 7, Oct. 14, 1: First Exam, Tuesday, Oct. 14
Oct. 9th: Historic Artifacts as Time Indicators, Horizon, and a discussion on the cultural significance of ceramics.
What do they tell us that we don't already know from historic records?
Hume, HA, Artifacts, all chpts on English Ceramics pp. 102-150.
Deetz, Small Things, Chpt 3, All the Earthenware Plain and Flowered
Post-Medieval Pottery 1650-1800 by Jo Draper
Port Royal Project Ceramic Typology
Staffordshire Pottery Trade Marks
Port Royal Reports
Hume, Artifacts pp. 55-59, 276-284 Bellarmine/Rhenish
Hume, Artifacts, pp 257-264 Porcelain
Hume, Artifacts, pp 138- 145 European ceramics
Analytical Techniques, Ceramics and Pipes
Mean Ceramic Dating and Pipestem Dating
Evolution and Horizon as Revealed in Ceramic Analysis in Historical Archaeology.
Tobacco Pipes and Smoking Equipment in Hume, Artifacts
Dating Stem Fragments of Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cenurty Clay Tobacco Pipes
Class discussion, the cultural significance, setting, and customs of Smoking in society in the 17-18th-centuries
WEEK 8, Oct. 21, 23: Continue Ceramics, Pipes and other material culture
Tuesday - continue with ceramics
Evolution of English Clay Tobacco Pipes
Parts of a Pipe
Thursday, Class tour of Conservation Research Laboratory Class will meet in Room 101, Anthropology Building.Artifacts from Port Royal, Jamaica will be laid out for students to identify and turn in the artifact identifiaction list.
WEEK 9, Oct. 28, 30: Texas Shipwrecks
Hume, Chpt VI: Sites: Manufacturing, Military and Marine
The 1554 Spanish Plate Fleet Shipwreck in the Wake of Columbus, by Barto Arnold
Slides/Film on the 1554 Fleet excavations in Texas
1554 PowerPoint Presentation
WEEK 10, Nov. 4, 6: Texas Shipwrecks
Thursday: La Salle' Ships
La Belle PowerPoint Presentation (you will need to 'enable content' for the video to work)
Site of Ft. St. Louis.
Discovery of the Wreck
Explore the Shipwreck
Voyage of Doom, NOVA:
Explore the shipwreck, by Steve Hoyt:
Stories in the Timbers, by Toni Carrell:
Conservation Research Laboratory at Texas A&M
Look at reports 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7.
WEEK 11, Nov. 11, 13: Mortuary Archaeology, Exam 2 Tuesday Nov. 11th
Special Analyses, Excavation of "holes"
Film: The Skeletons of Spitalfield.
Death’s Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow
Deetz, Chpt 4, Remember me as you pass by.
Jamestown, Virginia Rediscovery Web Page - Jamestown skeleton
Burial 1 - JR102C
La Belle Skeleton
St Mary City, Lead Coffins
Port Royal Skeletons
WEEK 12, Nov. 18, 20: Ethnic Archaeology/Current Trends/Cultural Interpretations
Race and Class on Antebellum Plantations by John Otto
Archaeology Visibility of Afro-American Culture: An Example from Black Lucy's Garden, Andover, Massachusetts, by Vernon Baker
The above two articles are in Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America by R. Schuyler 1980
Deetz, Chpt. 7, pp. 187-211, Parting Ways - also online
Deetz, Chpt 8, The African American Past
WEEK 13, Nov. 25, Nov. 27-28 Thanksgiving Holiday.
Make up exam Nov. 25, 2014.
Only students making up an examination need to attend class.
WEEK 14, Dec. 2, 4: Ethnic Archaeology/Current Trends/Cultural Interpretations
Richard Carter Site, College Station, TX.
Read Archeological and Historical Investigations at the Richard Carter Site, Brazos County, Texas by Shawn Carlson
Maps of the Carter Site
Levi Jordan Plantation: UNRAVELLING THE 1850 and 1860 SLAVE SCHEDULES, by Spencer McCall
The Beard House, Milano, TX.
Genealogy from the Perspective of an Historical Archaologist: Beard House, Milano, TX 1891-2014
WEEK 15, Dec. 9: The Future of Historical Archaeology in the 21st Century
Tuesday, December 9th is the last day of class
Final Exam Review
Complete any unfinished material and review
Noel-Hume, HA: Artifact, Treatment, Study, Storage , Chpt. VIII, pp. 257-292
Deetz, Chpt. 9, pp. 253-260, Small Things Forgotten
Examination Schedule (tentative)
1st exam, Tuesday, Oct. 14, 2014
2nd exam, Tuesday, Nov. 11th, 2014
Genealogy Exercise, Nov. 20-21, 2014
Make-up examination day, Tuesday, Nov. 25, 2014
Final Examination: Friday, Dec. 12, 2014, 12:30-2:30 PM
Course Grade Determination: Each student's grade will be based on his/her performance on two semester exams (25% each for a total of 50%), the genealogy exercise (15%), an artifact identification (10%), and a final exam (25%). Class attendance and active participation is expected. Reading assignments are to be completed before the topic is discussed in class. Excessive absences are recorded and normally more than 3, will result in the elimination of any curve or adjustment that may be given on any exam.
Any exam missed during the semester will be made up on November 20, 2014. Students wanting to retake an exam to improve may take one exam on the designated day. If an exam is retaken, that score will be used even if is lower than the exam taken previously.
Point Range - Grade
90-100 - A, 80- 89 - B, 70- 79 - C 60- 69 - D, Below 60 - F
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