updated

September 26, 1995- ver.02-20-2002

**************** PORT ROYAL CERAMIC TYPOLOGY *****************

* = present in TAMU comparative collection

                                                                                                                                                  page in                Noel-Hume

1. PORCELAIN (POR)


*     10                        Chinese Porcelain, hard paste

        11 (1800-1830)          Canton Porcelain                                             (262)

        12 (1790-1825)          Overglaze enamelled China trade porcelain                                (258-61)

*     13 (1660-1800)          Overglaze enamelled Chinese export porcelain                          (261)

(erroneously called Oriental Lowestoft)

        14 (1644-1880)          Underglaze Blue                                             (257)

        15 (1574-1644)          Underglaze Blue, Late Ming                                           (257 & 264)

        16 (post 1750)           Familla Rose Palette

        17 (post 1792)          Willow Pattern

*     18                    Imari

        19 (1644.....               Batavia ware, export porcelain, brown glaze on exterior, blue on white interior decoration


        20 (1745-1795)   English Porcelain, soft paste                                                (137)

*     21 1800's                   18th-century overglaze, floral decoration, hard paste

*     22                  19th-century overglaze, soft paste

*     23                  Blue-on white transfer print

*     25                  20th-century porcelain

        26                   20th-century gold decorated


        30

       31 (1750-1795)   Littler's Blue on porcelain                                                    (119-23)


       32              Oriental (Chinese), undecorated


        40                Molded

        41         Figurines

 

        50 (ca. 1820-)    White Porcellaneous, totally vitrified, whiter, glossier

       51                        White Porcellaneous, transfer print on rim


        60                        White Chinese Porcelain

        61                                Undecorated, plain

       62                                Applique

       63                                Overglazed, engraved design, "secret design"


       69                                Figurines -- Incense -Fu Dogs


       70                                Chinese decorated for future use

       71                                Medallion dec. blue on white


2. STONEWARE (STW)



       10                        Brown Surface color

       11 (1820-1900)          Brown stoneware bottles for ink, beer, etc.

*     12 (1700-1810)          Nottingham stoneware (lustered) glossy surface over a drab body

        13 (1700-1725)          Burslem "Crouch" pale brown SW mugs, white line between body and glaze

        14 (1690-1775)          Fulham, Brown salt glazed mugs

        15 (1690-1775)          British Stoneware (excluding 11, 13, 14)

        16 (1700-1800)          Staffordshire Brown - Buff paste, tan interior, white exterior glaze

        17                                Dent, Jugs with incised lines at neck/body, thin brown lip

       18                            London Stoneware, Saltglazed, chocolate/brownext/int.


        20 (1550-1700)   Rhenish (grey paste)

        21 (1550-1625)          Bellarmine, Brown salt glazed SW, well molded human face

       22 (1620-1700)          Deteriorated Bellarmine Face Bottles

        23 (1540-1600)                     Rhenish Brown glazed sprigged mold decorated, Cologne type SW

        24                   "German" bottles (grey paste)


        30 (1650-1800)   Westerwald, Blue-Grey surface color, (grey paste)

*     31 (1700-1775)   Westerwald stamped blue floral devices, geometric

*     32 (1650-1725)        Westerwald, Sprig molding, combed lines, blue and manganese decorated (1760's) Rhenish SW

        33 (1694-1800)        British Monarch Ciphers

        34           WR 1694-1702

        35           AR 1650-1775

        36           GR I / GRII 1714-1727 / 1722-1760

        37           GR III 1760-1800

       38 late 1700s           Embelished Hohr Grey Rhenish SW sprig decorated but no blue or purple colors

        39 (1700-1775)          Westerwald chamber pots


        40                       White surface color

*     41 (1744-1775)          "Scratch Blue" white salt glazed SW

        42 (1765-1775)                     Debased "Scratch Blue" white salt glazed SW

        43 (1720-1730)          "Scratch Brown or Trailed" white salt glazed SW

        44 (1740-1765)          Molded white salt glazed SW

*     45 (1720-1805)                     White salt glazed SW excluding plates and molded

        46 (1715-1775)                     Slip-dipped white saltglazed mugs, gray paste, brown lip

        47 (1755-1765)                     Littler's Blue on White salt glazed SW                        (119-23)

       48                                Slipped English White Stoneware


*     50 (1740-1775)          White Salt Glaze Stoneware Plates

*     51                                Dot, diaper & basket weave

*     52                               Bead and Reel

*     53                               Barley

*     54                              Queen's Shape

       55                               Royal Pattern

       56                                            Feather Edge

       57                                            Floral, leaves, basket

       59                               King of Prussia


       60 (1755-1765)   Transfer printed white salt glazed SW

                   USE SAME VARIETY # AS FOR PEARLWARE 8.60


        70                Other

        71 (1750-1820)          Black Basalt SW

        72 (1763-1775)          Engine turned unglazed red SW

        73 (1690-1775)          Refined red SW, unglazed sprigged

        74 (1732-1750)          Ralph Shaw, Brown, slipped SW.

*     75 (1763-1775)          Rosso Antico, dry bodied Red ware, Elers Ware

        76 (post 1775)           Jasper Ware

        77 ( -- -- )                 Clear Lead Glaze Red SW

 

 

        80               American Stoneware &/or European

        81         Brown Albany exterior glaze, Green alkaline interior glaze

*     82         Alkaline glaze, clear to greenish

*     83                 Albany slip glaze on interior, salt glaze on exterior

*     84         Albany slip glaze on both surfaces

*     85         Salt Glaze, tiger mottle (no Rhenish grey paste)

*     86         Salt glaze, smooth (Rhenish grey paste not present)

*     87         Ginger, stoneware, ginger bottles, ink wells,

       88                        Manganese slip

       89                        Brown Albany slip top, white Bristol slip bottom jug




3. SLIPWARE (SLW)


 

*     10 (1670-1770)   Lead glazed slipware - Staffordshire - buff yellow paste normally chocolate brown slip decoration on a yellow background with a clear lead glaze

*     11 (1700-1770)          dot

*     12 (1670-1770)        combed yellow                                              (107)

*     13 (1670-1770)        stripes or trailed

*     14                 annular rings

        15                 marbled

        16                 joggled

        17                   reversed, with no decoration (solid brown slip background over a buff paste.

       18          reversed, with decoration

        19          combed, trailed & dotted


        20               Sgraffito

        21 (1650-1710)   North Devon Sgraffito, red paste, white slip, pale yellow glaze-- results in a yellow surface with brown decoration

 

       28                        Dutch Cocereled (Pr86, 441) green glaze over white slip

 

       30 (1612-1700)   Wrothams Slipware, red paste, dark glaze, white sprig decorations

 

       32                        Solid white slip on interior on a red paste with a clear lead glaze (green to yellow color); exterior with a clear lead glaze (red color). May be reversed with glazed brown exterior and a green to yellow slipped interior.

 

        40 (1630-1660)   Metropolitan Slipware, red paste, clear lead glaze on a ginger brown surface with a white kaolin slip decoration that appears yellow under the glaze


        42             Mottled glaze with light red paste


        50 (1550-1603)   Wanfried Slipware

        53 (1655-1680)   Staffordshire red slipware, red paste

 

        60 (1610-1660)   North Italian, Red Marblelized slipware Costrel                                (77)

 

       65                        North Holland Slipware - white slip decoration, overpainted green, ext. unglazed, red/brown paste, light brown lead glaze


       66 


        70                  Slipware body/Wieldon tortoiseshell glaze


*     80             French (?) slipware,

       81                        Saintonge, red slipped decoration (circles) pink paste


4. REFINED EARTHENWARE (REW)



       10 (1740-1775)   Wieldon ware, cream colored ware

*     11 (1740-1775)        Wieldon Agateware

        12 (1745-1775)        Wieldon Clouded, mottled glazed

*     13 (1745-1775)        Wieldon Tortoiseshell

        (ON PLATES IN DESCRIPTION PUT EDGE DECORATION TYPE USED FOR 2.50)

        20                Lead glazed earthenware (originally put in as 4.80)

        21                Green

        22               Brown

        23               Dark green lead glaze (North Devon?)


       24 (1700-1850)   Staffordshire Combed flatware, buff paste

       25 (1690-1850)   Staffordshire Mottled, brown lead glaze, mottled with manganese (see Thomas pp 52)

        26            Slip decorated, lead glazed

        28                        Dutch Cockereled (PR86, 441, green glaze over white slip


*     30 (1745-1790)   Jackfield Ware - very black glaze, dark red/purple paste

 

        31                        Border Ware, buff paste, olive interior glaze (green, yellow, brown glazes). No treatment on exterior

        32                        Red Border Ware, clear glaze on red body = red 

       33                        Borderware, buff paste, green glaze

 

       35                        Refined Brown Earthenware, includes white or blue slip

       36                        Post Medieval Fine Redware

       37                        Post Medieval Redware

        40 (post 1788)    Rockingham Ware or Bennington - chocolate brown glaze, yellow (brown) paste, esp. teapots.

 

        50 (1725-1750)   Astbury" Ware, White sprigged and trailed

*     55 (1790-1850)   Luster decorated wares


       60                        Red Ware

       61                                Red Ware, black glaze

       62                                Red Ware, clear glaze

       63                                Red Ware, manganese glaze


        70 (post 1820) Yellow Ware, English and American

        71        Transfer print

        72        Annular/Mocha

        73        Embossed rims

        74        Black/brown glaze on both surfaces (how does it differ from 4.40 ?)

       75                        White interior glaze


*     80                 Mexican Earthenware

       81                                Burnished

       82                                Painted, may be brunished first


       90                        Molded Earthenware

       91                         Clay marble

       92                         Figurines


5. COARSE EARTHENWARE (CEW)



       10                        English

*     11 (1750-1810)          Coarse Agate Ware, excluding door knobs

*     12 (1720-1775)        Buckley Ware, yellow streaks in red paste


        13 (1650-1775)        North Devon Gravel tempered ware

*     14 (1650-1775)        North Devon Plain, pink to grey paste, no temper, fine grained, external lead glaze

        15 (1680-1780)        Staffordshire Mottled (Manganese glazed coarseware) SEE 4.25

        16 (1655-1850)          Staffordshire Coarse Ware, red paste

       17                                ??? thick bowl, manganese interior glaze 


        20 (1690-1800)         Red Coarse Earthenware, No tempering inclusions

        21                Interior glaze

        22               Exterior glaze

        23               Interior/Exterior glaze

        24               Black Glazed Redware

        25                 Vertical Black Glaze Stripe on exterior (sometimes interior) like Buckley

        26               Dull black glazed redware, exterior glaze

        27                 Dull black glazed redware, internal glaze, buff paste

        28               Dark red

       29                                Thin red earthenware - orange


*     30 (1500-1800)   Spanish Olive Jars

        31               Early Style

       35               Middle Style

        40               Late Style

       45                                Typical Olive Jar Paste - bowl - interior decoration


*     50             Mediterranean or Iberian Pottery

       51 (1492-1700)          Iberian Micaceous ware red paste

       52                                Lead interior olive glaze with white slip rim, no treatment on exterior

       53                                Same as 52, but no glaze

       54                                Storage jars, red paste

       55                                Seville Whiteware

       56                                Utility ware, often flat bottomed, sometimes interior glaze, engraved vertical line, PR83 #500

       57                                Costrel, double handle, cream to white paste, little temper, no glaze

                                           (Change 89 varieties to this)

       58                                Wide shoulder, wide mouth


*     60 (1670-1900)   Yabba, hand coiled

        61        Red Paste

        62         interior glaze

        63     exterior glaze

        64      both surfaces glazed

        65           Dark Paste

        66        interior glaze

        67      exterior glaze

        68      both surfaces glazed


*     70 (1670-1900)   Yabba, wheel thrown

        71-78                   Same categories as for hand coiled Yabba

       80                        CEW with stamp decoration, green interior lead glaze, probably English


6. TIN ENAMEL (TIN)



       10                  British or Dutch, pale yellow or pink paste

        11                  Blue

        12                  Polychrome

        13                  Scenes, (panneled), pastoral

        14                  Floral

        15                  Geometric

       16                                Chinoiserie (panneled)

       17                        Bianca sobra bianca

       18                        Bianca sobra azul (Nevers like)

        20               De-enameled delft


        21 (1710-1740)   Mimosa Pattern Delft, small leaf design

        22 (1620-1720)   English Delftware (Blue Dash Chargers)

        23 (1640-1800)   Plain White Delftware

        24 (1750-1800)   Plain Delft wash basin

        25 (1680-1800)   Delft chamber pots

        26             (tentative) black interior glaze, flat bottom

        27             (tentative) white interior glaze, brown exterior

                                     ? like Shaw Stoneware on an earthenware

        28 (post 1757)    Frazackerly, bright colors on English delft

       29                        Napkin holder/salt/cellar


        30 (1630-1800)   Ointment pots

        31 (1630-1800)         Cylindrical Delft ointment pots

        32 (1730-1830)        Pedestal-footed type Delft Ointment pot

        33 (1700-1800)        Everted rim, plain Delft Ointment pot


*     35          Dutch ointment, blue exterior, white interior

                                            DR mark on bottom


        40 (1620-1840)   Apothecary jars

        41 (1620-1775)                     Delft Apothecary jars (monochrome) 

       42 (1680-1840)                     Delft Apothecary jars (polychrome)


*     50             Faience

        51 (1775-1800)                     Debased Rouen Faience - Red Paste

        52                  Nevers (white over blue)


*     60              Majolica

*     61                                Columbia Plain (Deagan Coll. # 2-5-6)

       62                                Carerra Blue

       63                                Isabella

*     64                                San Augustine (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-1)

*     65                                Huejotz-banded (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-2)

*     66                                Guanajuato (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-3)

*     67                                Tumacacori III (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-4)

*     68                                Aranama Polychrome (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-5)

*     69                                San Elizario (Deagan Coll. # 2-2-6)

*     70                                Pueblo blue on white (Deagan Coll. # 2-3-1)

*     71 (1650-1700)           San Luis Polychrome (Deagan Coll. # 2-8-1)

*     72 (1600-1650)           Ichtucknee blue on white (Deagan Coll. # 2-6-1)

*     73 (1550-1630)           Santo Domingo blue on white (Deagan Coll. # 2-6-3)

*     74 (1650-1700)           Pueblo Polychrome (Deagan Coll. # 2-6-4)

*     75 (1650-1700)           ABO Polychrome (Deagan Coll. # 2-6-5)

*     76                                Blue / green Basin (Deagan Coll. # 2-6-6)

*     77 (1500-1650)           Yayal blue on white (Deagan Coll. # 2-7-1)

*     78                                Aucilla Polychrome (Deagan Coll. # 2-7-4)


7. CREAMWARE (Mainly pre 1810) (CRW)



*     10 (1762-1780)   Undecorated

        11 (1775-1820)   Deeper yellow creamware

        12 (1775-1820)   Lighter yellow creamware                                                          (126-28)


*     14 (1759-1775)   Green glazed Creamware (Wedgewood) sames as 4.20

 

        15 (1750-1765)   Littler's Blue                                                               (119-23)

       16                        Brown glazed pitcher


*     20             Edge decorated Plates

        21                   Feather edge

        22                  Shell edge

        23                    Queen's shape or Royal Pattern

        24                  Royal Pattern

        25                   Spearhead


       30 (1780-1815)   Annular wares                                                           (131)

                                     USE SAME VARIETY No. AS FOR PEARLWARE


        40             Handpainted

*     41                  Blue floral, underglaze

                                            USE SAME VARIETY # AS FOR PEARLWARE

*     46 (1765-1810)                     Handpainted, overglaze enamel                              (125-126)


        50             Flow decorated

                                            USE SAME VARIETY # AS FOR PEARLWARE

 

        60 (1765-1815)   Transfer printed (technique first used on tiles in 1756)                     (126-28)

                                            USE SAME VARIETY # AS FOR PEARLWARE



8. PEARLWARE (PRW)



       By 1810 predominates (1780-1830-1865) Clear lead glaze with cobalt added

       10 (1780-1820)   Undecorated (rare)

*     20 (1730-1830)   Edge decorated in blue, green, red

        21 (1780-1830)                     Shell edge

        22 (1780-1830)                     Molded feathers & fish scale

        23 (1730-1830)                     Molded dots and plumes

        24 (post 1800)          Debased painting on edge

        25                  Embossed edge decoration (WW)

        26                 Molded Decoration

 

*     30 (1790-1890)   Annular wares                                                             (131)

        31                                Annular or slip banded, Early -generally narrow bands and earth colors. Late - wide, bright color bands with narrow white or black bands

*     32 (1795-1890)                     Mocha

*     33                 Swirl

*     34                 Marbled

        35                 Circle and cube

*     36                 Engine turned or rouletted

*     37                 Finger Painted polychrome slip, worm pattern

*     38                 Feather trailed


        40                Handpainted (PW 1790-1830) (WW 1830-1860)

*     41 (1820-1840)        Blue floral, underglaze

*     42                 Earthen polychrome floral, underglaze

        43                 Bright polychrome floral, orange, green, pink, red, blue (mainly on WW)

        44                   Polychrome, other than floral, underglaze

        45                Banded

        46 (1765-1810)                     Hand painted, over glaze enamel (Creamware)

        47 (1795-1815)                     Hand painted, underglaze, polychrome slip

        48                    Chinoiserie, blue under glaze decoration

*     49                   Gaudy Dutch (similar or same as 8.43)

        50             Flow decorated

        51                  Blue

        52                  Mulberry

 

*     60             Transfer printed                                                                   (128-130)

        61 ( )                 Dark cobalt blue (1820-1840 for WW)

        62 ( )                 Green (1830-1860 for WW)

        63 ( )                 Purple lavender (1830-1860 for WW)

        64 ( )                 Black (1830-1860 for WW)

        65 ( )                 Brown (post 1825 for WW)

        66 ( )                 Red (1830-1850 for WW)

        xx                  Thick gray blue, lavender

        67 (1795-1840)         Willow transfer painted

        68 (post 1782)   Chinoiserie

                                    Transfer printed with handpainted overglaze 


*     70              Stamped

*     71                   Stamp decorated with a sponge, spatter

        72                  Stamped decorated with cork or wood or ?


9. WHITEWARE (WHW)



*     10                        Undecorated

*     11 (1890-1900           Iron Stone or Granite China, clear alkaline glaze

       .1                                           plates, shallow bowls

       .2                                  mugs, pitchers

        12

       13              Chelsea Grape Ironstone

        14             Luster Ware

        15             20th-century utility wares, whited bodied

        16             Shaving mugs/mugs

       17                                Marbled decoration

       18                                with solid color interior glaze 

        25              Embossed edge decoration see 8.2 


        80              20th-Century Earthenware

        81                   gold decorated

       82                                Gold gilded, stamp decoration, transfer print, probably iron stone

       85                                Late - narrow blue, red. etc. annular ring, esp. at rim, and at edge of bowl depression


        90 Hospital Wares

        91                    Chamber pots

       .1                                              Stamped decorated

       .2                                              Marbled

       .3                                              Sponge/splattered


       92          bedpans

        93                   container (with broadarrow & "NB no. x")


         FOR WHITE WARE USE SAME VARIETIES AS FOR PEARLWARE


ARCHITECTURAL MATERIAL


       10        Bricks

        11               Old bricks, solid, plain

        12              bricks with maker's marks, solid

        13              bricks with holes

       14               Patio brick, brick, with thinner thickness

       15             Dutch bricks, small, thinner, yellow brick

 

       20        Tile

        21  Clay roof, gable tile

        22  Clay flat roof tile, 2 holes (shingles included here for PR87

        23  Red, asbestos tiles

        24           Black/Red slate tiles

       25               Gable tile, 'V' shape or rounded

       26               Roof tile, rounded

       27               rounded with lug

                                      

       30        Plaster

        31           Wall

        32          ceiling

       33           floor


        34        Mortar


        40        Wood Shingles