EVOLUTION OF ENGLISH HOUSEHOLD TABLEWARE

PERIOD I

PERIOD II

PERIOD II

PERIOD III

PERIOD IV

PERIOD V

PERIOD VI

(pre 1600)

(1600-1740)

Tradewares

(1740-1765)

(1765-1770)

(1770-1820)

(1820s-1900s)


PERIOD III: 1740 - 1765 (TRANSITIONAL WARES)

ENGLISH SALT-GLAZED STONEWARE

  • ca. 1672, John Dwight established the first salt-glazed stoneware manufacturing industry in England; he produced brown decorated stonewares and (possibly) cobalt blue and manganese purple decorated wares

  • Dwight was noted for development of English white salt glaze industry

WHITE SALT-GLAZED STONEWARE PLATES

  • 1740-1805

    - white salt-glazed molded plates, 1740-1775
    - transfer printing, 1756-1765
    - replaced delftware in the 1750s

  • fine, white body made with kaolin clay; mold made

  • first matched sets of tableware

  • cost of producing stoneware prevented it becoming widespread

 

WHIELDON WARES

  • ca. 1740-1775, developed by Thomas Whieldon

  • low-fired earthenware, using same clays as white salt-glazed stoneware; colored lead glazes

    - 'clouded' wares, tortoiseshell, mottled, ca.
    1740-1770
    - refined Agate ware, ca. 1740-1775
    - green-glazed cream-bodied ware, ca. 1759-1775

  • table/ornamental wares


NOTE: example above right - same plate mold as used for white salt-glazed stoneware plates

JACKFIELD WARE

  • 1740-1780; pottery founded in Shropshire, England

  • dense body, gray to black in color; rich black lead glaze; mold decorated

  • table/tea ware, jugs

NOTE: a very similar ware (but with a red body) was made during the same period by Thomas Whieldon and others in Staffordshire

ENGLISH PORCELAIN

  • 1745-present

  • soft 'chalky' white in color or dense and translucent (bone china); semi-glossy, clear glaze; undecorated or hand painted in monochrome (cobalt blue) under the glaze; polychrome palette and gilding over the glaze in wide variety of patterns; transfer printing on some wares

  • fine table/tea wares, toiletry wares

continue to PERIOD IV >>>>