EVOLUTION OF ENGLISH HOUSEHOLD TABLEWARE

PERIOD I

PERIOD II

PERIOD II

PERIOD III

PERIOD IV

PERIOD V

PERIOD VI

(pre 1600)

(1600-1740)

Tradewares

(1740-1765)

(1765-1770)

(1770-1820)

(1820s-1900s)


PERIOD IV: 1765 - 1770



CREAMWARE
(also called Queen's ware)

  • refined lead-glazed earthenware developed by Josiah Wedgwood in 1762; became extremely popular from ca. 1770-1800; variations appeared ca. 1820

    - deep yellow creamware, ca. 1762-1780
    - overglaze enameled hand painted, ca. 1765-1810
    - light yellow / cream-colored, ca. 1775-1820

  • first mass-produced matched sets of tableware

  • first widely available ceramic with a hard-fired surface that allowed one to cut food on its surface without chipping the glaze

  • glaze on earlier products is characteristically a deep green or yellow-green where it pools in vessel crevices (footrings, handles, molded decoration)

  • although manufactured in many English potteries, the center of creamware production was in Staffordshire and Yorkshire. Creamware was relatively cheap and so affordable to the masses.

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