EVOLUTION OF ENGLISH HOUSEHOLD TABLEWARE

PERIOD I

PERIOD II

PERIOD II

PERIOD III

PERIOD IV

PERIOD V

PERIOD VI

(pre 1600)

(1600-1740)

Tradewares

(1740-1765)

(1765-1770)

(1770-1820)

(1820s-1900s)



PERIOD V: 1770 - 1820

PEARLWARE
(also known as Pearl White)

  • developed by Josiah Wedgwood 1779; dominant ceramic in 1810 but was in decline by 1820

  • white refined, kaolin clay body; clear lead glaze has a blue tint from the addition of cobalt blue

  • bluish concentration of the glaze in vessel crevices (footrings, handles, molded decoration)



    - undecorated pearlware (rare), 1780-1830


    - edge-decorating techniques (blue, green, red),
    1780-1830; also occurs on creamware

    - annular (slip-banded) pearlware, 1790-1820;
    annular decoration also occurs on creamware and pearlware; narrow bands and earth colors are generally earlier; wide, bright-colored bands with narrow black or white bands are on later products


    - underglaze blue hand-painted pearlware
    (generally floral motifs), 1720-1820


    - underglaze polychrome (bright blue, orange,
    green, pinkish red) hand-painted floral patterns,
    1820-1840



    - blue transfer-printed patterns (includes blue
    'willow'), 1795-1840; process involves applying an engraved decoration to a ceramic surface;
    developed ca. 1760 and perfected by Josiah
    Spode in 1781

continue to PERIOD VI >>>>