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Gokstad

The Gokstad ship was uncovered in 1880 near Oslo, Norway. It is another Viking noblewoman burial. She was buried in a wooden burial chamber on the deck of the ship in the later part of the 9th century. The ship itself dates to AD 850. Burial goods included twelve horses, six dogs and a peacock.

The Gokdstad ship has an overall length of 76.5 feet and a breadth of 17.5 feet, with a length-to-beam ratio of only 4.3 to 1. It is the largest well-preserved Viking ship in existence today. This ship is also a karv.

Unlike the Oseberg ship, this karv was designed to sail in teh open sea and so her freeboard was increased by two planking strakes above the planking strake with the oar ports (oar strake).

She is built completely of oak. The hull consists of 16 one-inch-thick planking strakes to either side of an extremely well-developed keel. Below the level of the crossbeams the Gokstad hull was built much like the Oseberg hull. The frames were lashed to the planking, and the hull bottom was v-shaped with a well-developed keel. However, the meginhufr is smaller... it is only a slightly-thicker plank now.

Above the deck, the lower two side planking strakes are fastened to vertical knees attached to the ends of the crossbeams, just like the Oseberg ship. We also see a new element in teh hulls' framing: in order to give more structural integrity to all four side planking strakes, side frames set just next to the knees are fastened to all four side planking strakes.

When not sailing, the Gokstad ship was rowed by 32 rowers.

The Gokstad ship was very seaworthy. In 1893, a replica of her sailed across the Atlantic in 28 days, encountering bad weather. She sailed through the Saint Lawrence Seaway into the Great Lakes, and eventually made her way to the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. It is still on display in a park outside the city. During the crossing, the replica obtained speeds of up to 11 knkots. The captain of the replica though the rudder was a work of genius. During the voyage,the bottom planking lashed to the frames had so much resiliency that it rose and fell by as much as 3/4 of an inch in yielding to the movement of the water beneath the hull!