Anthropology 489

Nautical Archaeology of the Discoveries
World Seafaring 1400-1650

Tuesday and Thursday, 11:10 a.m. to 12:25 p.m.
Room 130, Anthropology Building

Instructor: Dr. Kevin Crisman
Office: 131b Anthropology Building, Tel. 845-6696
Office Hours: Monday 2 to 5 p.m. or by appointment

Texts:    John B. Hattendorf, ed. Maritime History, Volume 1: The Age of Discovery. Malabar, Fl.: Krieger Publishing Company, 1996.

Course Packet. For sale at Copy Corner, 1404 Texas Ave South, College Station Tel 693-0640.

Course Schedule

I.      Introduction.     Shipwrecks and Archives: The Archaeology of the Age of Discovery.

II.    Europe at the End of the Medieval Era.

        Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 1.

III.  The Revolution in European Seafaring Technology.

        A.    Ship Construction: The Mediterranean and Northern European Fusion.

                Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 3.
                                  Course packet: Hocker, F. "Technical and Organizational Development in European Shipyards."

        B.    The Development of the Full-Rigged Ship.

        C.     New Tools for the Navigator: The Development of European Navigation.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 2.

        D.    The Transformation of Naval Warfare: Cannon at Sea.

                Reading:     Course packet: Rule, M. The Mary Rose: A Guide.
                                  DeVries, K. "The Effectiveness of Fifiteenth-Century Shipboard Artillery."

IV.    The Portuguese Quest for Asia, 1420 - 1498.

         A.    Prince Henry the Navigator and the Exploration of Western Africa.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 4.
                                   Course packet: Redman, C. et al. "Medieval Archaeology at Qsar es-Seghir, Morocco."

        B.     Atlantic Islands: The Nautical Archaeology of the Azores.

                 Reading:     Course packet: Crisman, K. "Crossroads of the North Atlantic."

        C.     "Christians and Spices": Vasco da Gama's Voyage to India.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapters 5, 6, and 7.
                                   Course packet: Stanford, P. "Portugal Opens the Doorway."

        D.     Afonso de Albuquerque and the Foundation of Portugal's Asian Empire.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 8.

Exam #1

V.     Spain in the Americas.

        A.     Columbus and His Four Voyages of Exploration.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapters 9-12.
                                   Course packet: Stanford, P. "Columbus Opens the Americas."
                                   Deagan, K. "Searching for Columbus's Lost Colony."
                                   Deagan, K. and J. Cruxent. " Medieval Foothold in the Americas."

        B.     Early Sixteenth Century Shipwrecks in the Caribbean.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 13.
                                   Course packet: Keith, D, et al. "The Molasses Reef Wreck."
                                   Keith, D. "The Molasses Reef Wreck Project."
                                   Smith, R. et al. "The Highborn Cay Wreck."
                                   Oertling, T. "The Highborn Cay Wreck."
                                   Simmons, J. "Wrought Iron Ordnance."

        C.     Spanish Conquest and Colonization of the Americas.

        D.     Spain's New World Empire.

                 Reading:     Hattendorf, ed., Chapter 15.
                                   Course packet: Smith, R. "The Ship at Emanuel Point."
                                   Smith, R. "Ill-fated Galleon."

VI.     The World Encompassed: The Voyage of Fernão de Magalhaes (Magellan).

           Reading:     Course packet: Stanford, P. "Spain Charges Ahead."

Exam #2

VII.   Explorers, Pirates, and Privateers: Northern European Seafarers and Colonizers.

         A.     Cabot, Cartier, and the Reconnaissance of North America, Part I.

                   Reading:     Hattendorf, Chapters 14, 16, and 17.
          B.     Francis Drake and the First English Circumnavigation of the Globe.

                   Reading:     Course packet: Stanford, P. "Francis Drake Sails for Freedom."
                                      Stanford, P. "In the Wake of the Golden Hind."
                                      Stanford, P. "The River That Lead Around the World."

          C.     Linschoten's Itinerario and the Anglo-Dutch Invasion of Portuguese Asia.

          D.     Champlain, Hudson, and the Reconnaissance of North America, Part II.

          E.     The Archaeology of the English Colonies: Jamestown and Martin's Hundred.

                   Reading:     Course packet: Horning, A. "Journey to Jamestown."
                                       Kelso, W. and N. Luccketti. "Fortifying Jamestown."
                                       Noël-Hume, I. "First Look at a Lost Virginia Settlement."
                                       Noël-Hume, I. "New Clues to an Old Mystery."
                                       Dingemans, T. "An Elizabethan-Era Wreck."
                                       Adams, J. "The Hull of the Sea Venture."

           F.    The Nautical Archaeology of a Tragedy: The Wreck of La Salle's Barque Belle.

                    Reading:     Course packet: Roberts, D. "Sieur de La Salle's Fateful Landfall."

VIII.     The Age of Exploration and the Transformation of the World.

Final Exam


Examination Schedule:

First Exam, February 25.

Second Exam, April 1.

Final Exam, Friday, May 7, 3-5 p.m..

Grade Determination:

Each student's grade will be based on several short take-home assignments (10%), two mid-semester exams (25% each for a total of 50%), and a final exam (40%). Exams will cover both readings and lectures.

Helpful Hints for Anthropology 489:

My lectures often provide information not covered in the readings, and attendance of all classes and diligent keeping of class notes are both highly recommended. Do not expect to get a good grade if you frequently skip the lectures.

If you are forced to miss a class, copy the notes of a colleague who attended class (or better yet, copy the notes of several colleagues). If you have questions about the material after reviewing the notes, please make an appointment to see me.
P.S. My lecture notes are not available for copying, so please do not ask to borrow them.

If you are confused about the material covered in the lectures or reading, or are concerned about your grade, please make an appointment to see me. The earlier you do this, the more likely it is we can fix the problem before the end of the semester.

I am a true believer in the use of "flash cards" as a study aid. These are index cards upon which you summarize the important points of a particular topic, using both your class notes and the readings.

Do not fail to show up for exams (I don't enjoy preparing make-up exams). If some cataclysmic event (asteroid strike, tidal wave, profound illness, Godzilla) prevents you from getting to an exam, call me on the day of the exam (if the phones are still working).

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe that you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Office of Support Services for Students with Disabilities in Room 126 of the Student Services Building. The telephone number is 845-1637.