ANTHROPOLOGY 605
Conservation of Archaeological Resources I
Fall Semester 2016

Instructor: Donny L. Hamilton
Phone 845-6355 
E-mail: 
dlhamilton@tamu.edu

 

Office Hours: 10:00 AM - 12:00 Noon, Tuesday –Thursday or by appointment

Anthropology Building, Room 102B

 

This course introduces students to the techniques of stabilizing and preserving deteriorated or corroded artifacts from archaeological sites. Proper conservation techniques are introduced in seminar/laboratory sessions designed to familiarize students with the chemicals, equipment, and procedures used in the treatments. Practical experience will be gained in treating organic and siliceous materials, and the various metals commonly found in prehistoric and historic sites. The emphasis will be on the basic conservation processes successfully used on the most commonly encountered artifacts recovered from archaeological sites. 

 

It must be remembered that the Conservation Research Laboratory (CRL) is a working laboratory. Therefore, all class and laboratory work is expected to be performed between 2:00 PM and 5:00 PM on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Work in CRL outside of class hours is not encouraged! The latest version of the syllabus and various reading for the class will be posted on-line at:

 

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/605syl.htm .

 

The links to the readings and conservation bibliography will be posted on the web and can be accessed by clicking on the links in the on-line syllabus.  The index page for the primary conservation manual) for this class can be found at: 

 

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File0.htm

 

Basic reference book for the class is the CRL – on line conservation book:

 Methods of Conserving Archaeological Material from Underwater Sites

by Donny L. Hamilton

From the link above you can download a PDF of the book or you can access the file as needed for reading assignments.

 

 

The book,

Cronyn, J. M. 1990. The Elements of Archaeological Conservation. London: Routledge.

Is a good reference for additional background and comparative techniques? 

Other useful conservation links can be found at: Conservation on Line --

American Institute of Conservation:  http://www.conservation-us.org/
Canadian Conservation Institute: 

http://canada.pch.gc.ca/eng/1454704828075

 

National Center for Preservation Technology and Training - http://www.ncptt.nps.gov/ 
Periodic Table - Elements - 
http://www.webelements.com/

English Heritage - Waterlogged Organic Artefacts: Guidline on Their Recovery, Analysis, and Conservation 

The links to the English Heritage web sites have moved, but the files can be found on the class CD in the Heritage Guide folder.

TENTATIVE SCHEDULE            (Subject to Change)

Lecture Class - TuesdayLaboratory - Thursday

 

WEEK 1: (Aug. 29- Sept. 1) - Introduction to laboratory, Chemical Safety, Laboratory Tour.

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDS) FOR MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS USED IN THIS LAB MAY BE ACCESSED AT:HTTP://WWW.ILPI.COM/MSDS/INDEX.CHTML

This is a link to a portal with links to a number of companies with access to MSD sheets.

A direct link to the ohsah site is below.

http://msds.ohsah.bc.ca/

 

Prior to Week 2 class read: UNESCO book, Chapter A. Basic equipment and processes by H.W.M. Hodges.

 

Readings: CRL Manual FILE 1 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File1.htm.

Cronyn, chpt. 1, Introducing Archaeological Conservation; ch. 2, Agents of deterioration and preservation; ch. 3, General Techniques of Conservation; and Conservation

 

WEEK 2: (Sep. 6-8) - Adhesives & Consolidants.

Readings: Conservation Manual FILE 2 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File2.htmUNESCO, 1968: Appendix: p. 305-331; Curt Moyer, The Duco Dialogues; Stephen Koob, Using Acryloid B-72 for the Repair of Archaeological Ceramics; SPNHC Leafltets, Vol. 1, No. 2; Adhesives and Consolidants in Geological and Paleontological Conservation: A Wall Chart.

Thurs. - Begin Adhesive-Consolidants lab. Make Paraloid Glue and mix consolidants.

 

WEEK 3: (Sept. 13-15) - Bone & Ivory

Readings: Cronyn ch. 6, pp. 238-245, pp. 275-284; and Bone Section in Conservation Manual FILE 3 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File3.htm.

 

WEEK 4: (Sept. 20-22) - Wood

Readings: Cronyn ch. 6, pp. 246-263; CCI Journal on Wood; and Wood Section in Conservation Manual FILE 6 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File6.htm.

 

Archaeological Preservation Research Laboratory WEB Pages:

Silicone Oil in Organic Conservation

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/CRL/report3/silicone.htm

Index to APRL Reports
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/reportindex.htm

Silicone and Polymer Technologies: An Additional Tool in Conservation 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report01.htm

Re-treatment of PEG Treated Waterlogged Wood

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report02.htm

Re-Treatment of a PEG Treated Composite Artifact - A Sabot

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report03.htm

 

WEEK 5: (Sept. 27-29) - Wood (cont.)

Readings: Watson, 1982, pp. 237-242; Conservation of Waterlogged Wood, National Museum of Denmark - http://www.natmus.dk/cons/x/ww/ww1.htm

 

WEEK 6: (Oct. 4-6) - Leather

Readings: Cronyn ch. 6, pp. 263-274; (P&W, Ch. I, Animal Skins and Skin Products); Omar, McCord & Daniels, The Conservation of bog bodies by freeze drying, in Studies in Conservation, V. 34, No. 3, pp. 101-109;

Leather Section in Conservation Manual

FILE 7 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File7.htm.

 

WEB Pages:

Guidelines for the care of waterlogged archaeological leather

http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/guidelines/leather.html

Conservation Research Laboratory (CRL) Leather Dressing

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report10.htm

Waterlogged Organic Artefacts Guidelines on their Recovery, Analysis and Conservation PDF

 

WEEK 7: (Oct. 11-13) - Textiles, Rope, & Misc. Organic Material

Readings: 

FILE 8 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File8.htm.

Cronyn ch. 6, pp. 284-295; and Textile Section in Conservation Manual

 

WEB Pages:

Silicone and Polymer Technologies: An Additional Tool in Conservation

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report01.htm

Silicone Oil: A New Technique for Preserving Waterlogged Rope

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report05.htm

Conservation of 17th Century Canvas Using Silicone Oils

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report06.htm

Silicone Bulking of Waterlogged Cork Using PS340, PS341 and PS343 Silicone Oils

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report07.htm

Conservation of Waterlogged Corn Cobs Using Silicone Oils

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report08.htm

 

WEEK 8: (Oct. 18-20) - Glass, Pottery & Stone  

Readings: 

The Reconstruction of a Greek Vase, in Studies in Conservation, V. 33, No. 4, pp. 165-176

Olive & Pearson 1975:63-68; Mibach 1975; and Ceramic and Glass Section in Conservation Manual --- link to article:  Barov,

WEB Pages:

Link to all the APRL reports:

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/reports.shtml

FILE 4 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File4.htm 

FILE 5 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File5.htm.

 Cronyn chpt. 4; 

Conservation of Devitrified Glass with Methylhydrocyclosiloxanes and Silicone Oils

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/aprl/report15.pdf

 

WEEK 9: (Oct. 25-27) - First Exam, Tuesday, October 25; over non-metals conservation

Readings:

Metal Conservation: Preliminary Steps, and Iron Conservation Part I: Introduction and Equipment Sections in Conservation Manual.
FILE 9 –Metalconservation, preliminary steps.  
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File9.htm 
FILE 10a – Iron conservation I. 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File10a.htm
Cronyn ch. 5, pp. 160-20;

Thurs. - Start iron conservation: Mechanical, Chemical Cleaning  

 

WEEK 10: (Nov. 1-3) - Iron, Electrolytic Cleaning

Readings: Iron Section in Conservation Manual

FILE 10b – Iron Conservation II:  http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File10special.htm

Archaeological Metal Artifact Reduction/Cleaning by Electrolysis by Hamilton

http://knowledge.electrochem.org/encycl/art-a04-archaeology.htm

Tannic Acid by Logan, CCI, 9/5;

An improved tannin-based corrosion inhibitor-coating system for ferrous artifacts by Worth Carlin and Donald H. Keith, IJNA, 25.1:38-45

 Conservation of Iron and their Consequences , National Museum of Denmark - http://www.natmus.dk/cons/x/metal/m1.htm

 

WEEK 11: (Nov. 8-10) - Copper, Bronze, Brass

Readings: Non-Ferrous Metals and Cupreous Metal Sections in Conservation Manual

FILE 11 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File11.htm
FILE 12 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File12.htm
Weisser, pp. 105-108;
A bronze cannon from La Belle, 1686: its construction, conservation and display, by 
Donald H. Keith and Worth Carlin, IJNA, 26.2: 144-158
Cronyn ch. 5, pp. 213-230

WEEK 12: (Nov. 15-17) - Lead, Tin and Pewter

Readings: Lead, Tin and Lead Alloys Section in Conservation Manual FILE 14 http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File14.htm; Cronyn ch. 5, pp. 201-213; Lane 1979; On the treatment of pewter plates from the wreck of La Belle, 1686 by Worth Carlin and Donald H. Keith, IJNA, 26.1: 65-74.

 

WEEK 13: (Nov. 22-24) - Silver and Gold; Composite Artifacts

Readings: Silver and Gold Sections in Conservation Manual
FILE 13 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File13.htm 
FILE 15 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/class/anth605/File15.htm
Cronyn chpt 5, pp. 230-237; 
MacLeod & North 1979Scott, 1983;

            Wednesday, reading day, no classes

          Thursday-Friday, Nov. 24 -25 -- Thanksgiving Holiday

  

WEEK 14: (Nov. 29- Dec.1) - Modern Metals, Composite Artifacts; Ceramic Restoration Exercise due

Copies of all readings will be on reserve in the Nautical Archaeology Library and CRL.

Finish all projects, leave projects at your desk for grading, clean up laboratory

 

WEEK 15: (Dec. 6) - Tuesday, redefine day; Students attend their Thursday lab class instead of  the Tuesday class.

            Lab test over metal conservation.  Last lab class day.

 

Second Laboratory Exam over metals conservation, Tuesday, Dec. 4.

Alternative is the final exam date on Wednesday, December 14, 1-3 PM. 

  

BASIS FOR DETERMINING GRADE IN ANTHROPOLOGY 605

Each student's grade will be based on:

1. Class attendance, participation in class discussions and laboratory activities. Excessive absences (more than two un-excused absences) may result in a lower grade

2. Pop exams over assigned readings (5% of total grade)

(If no pop exams are given, 50% exams, 50% lab reports and ceramic project.)

3. Two lab exams (50% of total grade, 25% each exam). Second exam to be taken on the day and time designated for the final for this time period. Note, keep this in mind, no early exams will be given.

4. Two lab reports (40- 45 % of total grade, 20-22.5% each) and 10% ceramic restoration project

 

Each report will emphasize the student's own laboratory experiences as well as pertinent observations and comparisons garnered from lectures, published data and assigned readings. Each report should be as succinct as possible. Each report will follow a prescribed format and will have no more than 15 pages of text, not counting figures, tables and samples.

Report I: Conservation of Organic Material (emphasis on wood and leather) - due by Friday, Nov. 4, 5:00PM

Report II: Conservation of Metal, (emphasis on iron, brass, lead), due by Monday Friday, Dec. 9, 5:00 PM

Ceramic Restoration Exercise, to be presented by Tuesday, Dec. 2, in class

 

NOTE!! - TREATED SAMPLES ARE TO BE INCLUDED WITH EACH REPORT -- NO EXCEPTIONS and NO EXCUSES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

LATE REPORTS ARE NOT APPRECIATED AND WILL BE GRADED ACCORDINGLY. NOTE: NO INCOMPLETES (I) WILL BE GIVEN IN THIS COURSE. FAILURE TO COMPLETE ALL THE COURSE REQUIREMENTS BY THE END OF THE SEMESTER WILL RESULT, AT THE OPTION OF THE INSTRUCTOR, IN AN "F" OR THE EXISTING AVERAGE OF THE WORK COMPLETED.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the office of Support Services for Students with Disabilities in Room 126 of the Student Services Building. The phone number is 845-1637.

 

TAMU Plagiarism Policy

The handouts used in this course are copyrighted. By "handouts," I mean all materials generated for this class, which include but are not limited to syllabi, quizzes, exams, lab problems, in-class materials, review sheets, and additional problem sets. Because these materials are copyrighted, you do not have the right to copy the handouts, unless I expressly grant permission. As commonly deemed, plagiarism consists of passing off as one's own the ideas, words, writings, etc., which belong to another. In accordance with this definition, you are committing plagiarism if you copy the work of another person and turn it in as your own, even if you should have the permission of that person. Plagiarism is one of the worst academic sins, for the plagiarist destroys the trust among colleagues without which research cannot be safely communicated. If you have any questions regarding plagiarism, please consult the latest issue of the Texas A&M University Student Rules, under the section "Scholastic Dishonesty."

 

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For many years Aggies have followed a Code of Honor, which is stated in this very simple verse:

"An Aggie does not lie, cheat, or steal or tolerate those who do."

 

The Aggie Code of Honor is an effort to unify the aims of all Texas A&M men and women toward a high code of ethics and personal dignity. For most, living under this code will be no problem, as it asks nothing of a person that is beyond reason. It only calls for honesty and integrity, characteristics that Aggies have always exemplified.

 

The Aggie Code of Honor functions as a symbol to all Aggies, promoting understanding and loyalty to truth and confidence in each other.

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Attendance Policy and Grading Scale Examples

Attendance Policy:

“The University views class attendance as the responsibility of an individual student. Attendance is essential to complete the course successfully. University rules related to excused and unexcused absences are located on-line at http://student-rules.tamu.edu/rule07."

Example Grading Scales:

Standard Letter Grading Scale: 

A= 90-100     B = 80-89      C = 70-79       D = 60-69       F = <60