Composite Artifacts

Composite artifacts contain one or more of the previous categories,
and include a watch face and bezel, coffee mill, telescope or spyglass, and a carpenter's plane.

The small mill seen on the right is one of several composite artifacts recovered from the site.

It is presumed to be a coffee grinder, based on its size and shape.  Presumably, this mill postdates an age when coffee was an expensive luxury, but predates the prevalence of cast iron mills.

An enameled iron watch face and bezel were found, possibly belonging to a pocket watch.

The presence of two holes on the watch face indicate that the pocket watch was wound with a key.

A carpenter's plane was recovered, measuring 7.4 inches long and 2.8 inches high.  

Other tools necessary for shipboard maintenance may have been carried in a tool kit stored in the ship's cabin.

In addition to the sandglasses previously seen, other navigational instruments included a spyglass and pieces of an octant.  

The spyglass, seen at left and below, had a wooden sheath surrounding the eye-piece and eye-piece tube.

Through the use of x-ray technology, a maker's mark was identified, which indicated the maker, T. Harris & Son, the place of manufacture, London, and the Day and Night uses of the spyglass or telescope.

Artifact Gallery:

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Texas A&M University  |   College of Liberal Arts  |   Location

Citation Information:
Donny L. Hamilton
2007, Mardi Gras Shipwreck Project-On-going work, URL,, Center for Maritime Archaeology and Conservation, Texas A&M University.

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