Glass Artifacts

The glass assemblage of the Mardi Gras Shipwreck consisted of fourteen complete or
nearly complete bottles, one pane of glass and a single inkwell.


A single inkwell is seen, on the left, as it arrives at the Conservation Research Laboratory at Texas A&M University.  After conservation treatment, the final product is seen below.

The inkwell still contains traces of ink.

This inkpot was likely part of a set that would also have included a sandpot.  Sand would have been dusted over the writing to reduce smudging.  No remains of an accompanying sandpot have been recovered.

Three types of bottles were found at the Mardi Gras site.  Thirteen bottles were intended to contain fluids, and were divided into two categories: wine bottles and beer bottles.  

The wine bottles, seen at left, are characterized by sloping shoulders and were most likely cast using the dip-mold technique of bottle manufacturing.

Beer bottles of the Mardi Gras site are seen on the right. These bottles have a very different shoulder than the wine bottles above.  

The short necks of these bottles indicate that they might have once contained beer or ale.  

The unusual light blue patina seen in one bottle was possibly caused by corrosion products and was not originally intended by the manufacturer.

A single condiment bottle was found, bearing the word "London" on one panel.  

The bottle was made in a two-part mold, based on the diagonal seam on the bottle's bottom. It is likely that this bottle may have held dry mustard.

Artifact Gallery:

Click here for a .zip file containing full-size versions of these photographs.

Texas A&M University  |   College of Liberal Arts  |   Location

Citation Information:
Donny L. Hamilton
2007, Mardi Gras Shipwreck Project-On-going work, URL,, Center for Maritime Archaeology and Conservation, Texas A&M University.

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