2005 SEASON: The 'Hollows' of Euboea

PERSIAN WAR SHIPWRECK SURVEY


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The 2005 cruise lasted one week and explored two very important areas tied with naval disasters for the Persian fleets. The first area was the coast of southern Euboia, identified as the “Hollows of Euboia.” Here the Greek historian Herodotus claims that some 200 Persian ships were lost in a storm while trying to circumnavigate the island. The second area of investigation focused on the Artemision Channel, the site of a famous Greek naval victory over King Xerxes’ Persian fleet in 480 BC fought at the same time as the even more renowned Greek stand at Thermopylae.

The research was conducted on the R/V Aegaeo of the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) using its Thetis submersible and remote operated vehicles (ROVs) Super Achilles and Max Rover. These vehicles investigated targets identified by the sidescan sonar survey. For the first time in this project an acoustic profiler was used to determine sedimentation deposition.

The team collected sidescan sonar targets and acoustic profile data around Cavo Doro (Cape Kafireas) to the area of Cape Letra. Potentially important targets were visually examined using the Thetis and the Max Rover. The same exploration protocol was followed in the Artemision Channel, where the survey also employed the SuperAchilles.

In the course of the survey 30 square kilometers of sea floor were examined for the first time with sidescan sonar supplemented by acoustic profiling. New evidence for sedimentation rates emerged that will enhance the present geological knowledge of bottom conditions.

In the “Hollows of Euboia,” team members discovered a cargo of monumental marble blocks scattered over an area of more than 400 square meters while another intriguing discovery was a cluster of iron anchors of various date found off Cavo Doro.

                       
 
SOUTHEAST EUBOEA
         
           
                   
 
ARTEMISION CHANNEL
 
   
                                 

   
THE SUBMERSIBLE THETIS
     
THE ROV MAX ROVER
             
DIVERS ON THE R/V AEGAEO'S TENDER
   
             
 
           

     

TEAM MEMBERS

The expedition represented a collaboration of the Greek Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities (EEA), the Canadian Institute in Greece (CIG), and the HCMR. The project leaders were Ms. Katerina Dellaporta, Ephor of the EEA, Dr. Shelley Wachsmann of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) at Texas A&M University (TAMU) and Dr. Dimitris Sakellariou (Chief Scientist) of the HCMR. The EEA team included Ms. Paraskevi Micha, Mr. George Koutsouflakis and Mr. Alexis Katsambis. The CIG team included Dr. Stefanie Kennell, Dr. John Hale, Dr. Robert L. Hohlfelder, Dr. Dana Yoerger, Mr. Dan Davis and Mr. Dante Bartoli. The HCMR team included Cmdr. Spyridon Volonakis (Head of Underwater and Submersible Operations), Dr. Chris Smith, Dr. Grigoris Rousakis, Mr. Kostas Katsaros, Mr. Vassilis Stasinos, Mr. Angelos Mallios, Mr. Theodoros Fotopoulos, Mr. Manolis Kallergis, Mr. Ioannis Pampidis and Mr. Prokopis Mantopoulos.  The R/V Aegaeo was under the command of Captain Theodoros Kanakaris.

 
   
                                             

                                             

All text and images are property of the Persian Wars Shipwreck Survey Project Team. Please contact Dr. Shelley Wachsmann (swachsmann@tamu.edu) and gain permission prior to use.

2006