Nautical Archaeology of the Americas
ANTH318

Fall Semester 2008

 

Training questions for mid-term exam no. 2

 

 

General

Order the following wars, dates of founding, and events, with 1 as the earliest and 10 as the latest:  Founding of Roanoke; destruction of Port Royal by an earthquake; Revolutionary War;  War of 1812;  French and Indian War;  King William's War;  Queen Anne's War;  founding of Jamestown;  wreck of the Sea Venture;  King George's War.

 

Northern European Exploration and Colonization of the Americas  (classes 13 to 17)

A. Multiple Choice Questions

In _____ a party of English settlers under the command of Sir Walter Raleigh tried to found a colony in today's North Carolina, at Roanoke.

a) 1492            b) 1609            c) 1585            d) 1607            e) 1686           

 

 

In ______ a party of 105 colonists landed at Jamestown. 

 

a) 1492            b) 1609            c) 1585            d) 1607            e) 1686

           

 

In ______ the fleet bringing supplies to Jamestown was stricken by a hurricane.  The largest vessel in the fleet, the Sea Venture, was lost. 

 

a) 1492            b) 1609            c) 1585            d) 1607            e) 1686

 

In 1614 John Rolf shipped his first cargo of ________ to England, and soon the Venetian ambassador was claiming that the English were particularly fond of it.

a) Whine          b) Tobacco      c) Sugar           d) Glass            e) Pineapple

 

In 1616 Pocahontas, the wife of John Rolf and daughter of chief ­­­___________ visited England at the age of 21.

 

a) Pontiac         b) Sitting Bull                c) Powhatan         d) Geronimo e) Atahualpa

 

In 1622 the natives around the Jamestown region rebelled and killed about 350 settlers, of which 58 at _______________.

a) Roanoke      b) Martin's Hundred         c) La Navidad          d) St. Augustine            e) La Isabella

 

 

 

In 1620 a small party of 102 religious separatists known as Pilgrims left Plymouth, England, aboard the ship ___________.

a) Sea Venture             b) Mayflower          c) Patience           d) Deliverance             e) Speedwell

 

In 1613, inspired by the story of the Sea Venture, William Shakespeare wrote the play _________.

a) King Lear     b) Macbeth      c) The Tempest            d) Othello         e) Tymon of Athens

 

In 1684 René Robert Cavalier, Sieur de _______

was given a small fleet to establish a French colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River.

a) La Péruse     b) La Rochefoucault     c) La Salle        d) Lafayette      e) La Palice

 

 

The remains of the ____________, one of the ships of the French explorer La Salle, lost in 1686 inside Matagorda Bay, are presently undergoing conservation treatment at Texas A&M University.

a) Belle            b) Aimable       c) Joly              d) Saint François        e) Saint Jacques

 

In 1613, soon after the establishment of a Dutch colony in lower Manhattan (in 1610) Captain Adrian Block lost his vessel _________ to fire during preparations to set sail back to Europe.

 

a) Eendracht      b) Onrust         c) Mauritius      d) Geldermalsen        e) Tyjger

 

 

B. Fill in the blanks

The Sea Venture was lost in ________, on its way to ________________.

Shakespeare wrote the play _________________, inspired by the story of the ship ____________.

Once known as the 'Wickedest City on Earth,' _____________, on the island of Jamaica was one of the largest towns in the English colonies during the late 17th century, until its destruction by an ___________, in 1692.

During the late 17th century, ________, Massachusetts, and _____________, Jamaica, were the two largest English towns in the Americas.

Failing in their attempt to capture the city of Santo Domingo in the Island of ___________, and fearing returning to England empty handed, the English expedition sailed south to _____________, and in May 1655, captured the poorly defended island with relatively little resistance.

 

C. Short essay questions (5 to 10 lines)

Choose one vessel from the list below and describe it, mentioning the circumstances of its construction, loss, finding, excavation, reconstruction, and display.  Elaborate on the importance of the wrecks you have picked, from an archaeological, historical, and cultural point of view.

Sea Venture, Belle, Brown's Ferry vessel, Reader's Point vessel, Clydesdale Plantation vessel, or Ronson Ship.

 

D. Identification questions

In two or three lines, identify the following vessels (please indicate three clues for each vessel, such as place and approximate date of loss, date in which it was found, type of vessel, nationality, particular features, etc.)

The Tyjger was _________________________________________________________________.

The Mayflower was ____________________________________________________________.

The Sparrow Hawk was _________________________________________________________.

The Belle was ____________________________________________________________.

The Brown's Ferry vessel was ______________________________________________________.

The Reader's Point vessel was _____________________________________________________.

The Clydesdale Plantation vessel was ________________________________________________.

The Ronson Ship was ____________________________________________________________.

 

E. Timeline

Order the following events, with 1 as the earliest and 10 as the latest:  Founding of Roanoke; Port Royal destruction by an earthquake;  arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock; founding of Jamestown;  wreck of the Sea Venture;  Francis Drake's circumnavigation of the world;  Conquest of Jamaica from the Spanish;  Cromwell's Republic;  Loss of the Belle at Matagorda Bay;  Puritans arrival in Massachusetts.

 

Rivers, Lakes, and Forts: The Anglo-French Struggle for North America (classes 18 and 19)

A. Multiple Choice Questions

King Williams War (1689-1697) is known in Europe as the ___________________________.

a) War of the League of Augsburg

b) War of the Spanish Succession

c) War of the Austrian Succession

d) Seven Years War

e) Eleven Years War

 

Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) is known in Europe as the ___________________________.

a) War of the League of Augsburg

b) War of the Spanish Succession

c) War of the Austrian Succession

d) Seven Years War

e) Eleven Years War

 

King George's War (1744-1748) is known in Europe as the ___________________________.

a) War of the League of Augsburg

b) War of the Spanish Succession

c) War of the Austrian Succession

d) Seven Years War

e) Eleven Years War

 

French and Indian War (1755-1763) is known in Europe as the ___________________________.

a) War of the League of Augsburg

b) War of the Spanish Succession

c) War of the Austrian Succession

d) Seven Years War

e) Eleven Years War

 

In 1608, Samuel de Champlain established ____________ on the banks of the St. Lawrence River.

 

a) New York City        b) Louisville         c) St. Frederic              d) Québec City       e) Montreal

 

In 1689 a force of 34 ships and 2,200 troops sailed from Boston to Québec City under the command of ______________.

a) George Washington  b) William Phips           c) John Winthrop          d) Benedict Arnold

 

In 1753/4 the British Colonial authority sent 21-year old major ________________ with an army to expel the French from two new forts built on the Rivière aux boeufs, near the south shore of Lake Erie.

a) George Washington  b) William Phips           c) John Winthrop          d) Benedict Arnold

 

After its conquest by General Amherst, during the French and Indian War, the French Fort Carrillon was re-named ____________________.

a) Fort Frontenac         b) Fort Ticonderoga     c) Fort St. Frédéric       d) Fort Niagara

 

After securing the lower portion of Lake Champlain, General Amherst had two ships built:  the

18-gun brig Duke of Cumberland, and the 16-gun sloop ____________.

a) Mary            b) Boscawen    c) Hanna and Mary     d) Elizabeth and May       e) Mary Ann

 

 

 In 1760, France sent a small fleet of six vessels to supply New France.  Two vessels were taken by the English navy in the Atlantic, one sank during a storm, and the other three were scuttled to avoid being captured, after three weeks of fighting with the English in the Restigouche River.  One of these, the ___________, was found and excavated by Parks Canada. 

a) Machault       b) Bienfaisant            c) Marquis de Malauze            d) Joly             e) Belle

 

 

 

B. Fill in the blanks

The Land Tortoise was a ____________, a word that means ________ in French.

The Land Tortoise had a flat bottom and its sides, in the number of ______, were made of flat panels, the lower inclined towards the outside and the ________ tumbling home.

The Land Tortoise had _____ maststeps and therefore could mount ____ masts with square sails.

If becalmed the Land Tortoise could be _________ with long oars, called ___________.

 

C. Short essay questions (5 to 10 lines)

Choose one vessel from the list below and describe it, mentioning the circumstances of its construction, loss, finding, excavation, reconstruction, and display.  Elaborate on the importance of the wrecks you have picked, from an archaeological, historical, and cultural point of view.

Quebec City bateaux, Lake George bateaux, Boscawen, Machault, Elizabeth and Mary, or Land Tortoise.

 

D. Identification questions

In two or three lines, identify the following vessels (please indicate three clues for each vessel, such as place and approximate date of loss, date in which it was found, type of vessel, nationality, particular features, etc.)

Lake George Bateaux were ______________________________________________________.

The Land Tortoise was a ________________________________________________________.

The Boscawen was a ___________________________________________________________.

The Machault was a ____________________________________________________________.

The Elizabeth and Mary was a ____________________________________________________.

 

Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary War (classes 20 and 21)

A. Multiple Choice Questions

The Philadelphia was a _____________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Gunboat

C. Bateau

D. Barge

E. Brig

 

The Philadelphia sank in _____________________________________.

A. Lake Erie

B. Lake Champlain

C. Lake Michigan

D. Hudson River

E. Lake George

 

The Defence was a _____________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Gunboat

C. Bateau

D. Barge

E. Brig

 

The H.M.S Charon was a _____________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. 44-gun frigate

D. 64-gun ship

E. 80-gun ship

 

The H.M.S Augusta was a _____________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. 44-gun frigate

D. 64-gun ship

E. 80-gun ship

 

The Betsy was a _____________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. 44-gun frigate

D. 64-gun ship

E. 80-gun ship

 

B. Fill in the blanks

Reacting against the _______, on December 16 1773,  a group of men disguised as Indians boarded three tea ships in Boston's harbor and dumped 342 tea chests in the water.  This episode became known as the ______________.

 

As a measure of retaliation against the City of Boston in particular, and all rebelling colonists in general, in 1774 the British crown enacted the ________________.  These were a series of laws known as the Quebec Act, or the __________________, for instance.

 

In September 1774 the First Continental Congress met in ______________, and approved a petition to King George III, called the ____________________________________.

 

The first battle of the Revolutionary war was fought in June 1775, over an elevation called _____________, even before General ___________________________ the commander of the Continental Army, could reach his army.

 

On September 1779, John Paul Jones in the ship ___________________ captured the English war vessel H.M.S. ____________________ after a naval engagement off the coast of England.

 

 

 

C. Short essay questions (5 to 10 lines)

Choose one vessel from the list below and describe it, mentioning the circumstances of its construction, loss, finding, excavation, reconstruction, and display.  Elaborate on the importance of the wrecks you have picked, from an archaeological, historical, and cultural point of view.

Philadelphia, Defence, H.M.S. Augusta, Betsy (44YO88), H.M.S. Charon, or Bonhomme Richard.

.

D. Identification questions

In two or three lines, identify the following vessels (please indicate three clues for each vessel, such as place and approximate date of loss, date in which it was found, type of vessel, nationality, particular features, etc.)

Philadelphia ________________________________________________________________.

Defence ____________________________________________________________________.

H.M.S. Augusta ______________________________________________________________.

Betsy (44YO88) ______________________________________________________________.

H.M.S. Charon _______________________________________________________________.

Bonhomme Richard ____________________________________________________________.

 

Freshwater Navies: The Lake Warships 1812-1815 (classes 22 and 23)

A. Multiple Choice Questions

In 1794 the Congress ordered the construction and outfitting of six frigates.  Among the three ships that were actually built then was the 44-gun frigate _________, still in commission in the US Navy

 

a) Constitution                 b) Chesapeake       c) Little Belt           d) Leopard            e) Guerriere

 

 

 

The General Armstrong was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Saratoga was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Ticonderoga was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Eagle was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Allen was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Lawrence was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Niagara was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Jefferson was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Hamilton was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

The Scourge was a __________________________.

A. War Sloop

B. Brig

C. Ship

D. Schooner

E. Row Galley

 

B. Fill in the blanks

James Fenimore Cooper wrote a book called _____________________________ in which he tells the adventures of _________________ a sailor aboard the Scourge when it sank.

 

The privateer _____________________ under Captain ________________________, was attacked by a strong English force on the Island of Faial, in the Azores, but managed to repeal all of the English assaults.

 

The Hamilton and the Scourge were merchant schooners converted into war vessels.  Their previous names were, respectively ___________________, and ____________________.

 

Baltimore Clippers were developed in the late ____ century, on the Chesapeake Bay.  Their major asset was not cargo capacity, but ___________.

The Pride of Baltimore I was built after the Baltimore Clipper ___________ which captured 17 British merchant vessels alone during the War _________.

 

C. Short essay questions (5 to 10 lines)

Choose one vessel from the list below and describe them, mentioning the circumstances of its construction, loss, finding, excavation, reconstruction, and display.  Elaborate on the importance of the wrecks you have picked, from an archaeological, historical, and cultural point of view.

Saratoga, Ticonderoga, Eagle, Confiance, Linnet, Lawrence, Niagara, Jefferson, Hamilton, Scourge, and General Armstrong.

 

D. Identification questions

In two or three lines, identify the following vessels (please indicate three clues for each vessel, such as place and approximate date of loss, date in which it was found, type of vessel, nationality, particular features, etc.)

Saratoga ___________________________________________________________.

Ticonderoga ___________________________________________________________.

Eagle ___________________________________________________________.

Confiance ___________________________________________________________.

Linnet ___________________________________________________________.

Lawrence ___________________________________________________________.

Niagara ___________________________________________________________.

Jefferson ___________________________________________________________.

Hamilton ___________________________________________________________.

Scourge ___________________________________________________________.

General Armstrong___________________________________________________________.

 

E. War of 1812 ships and shipwrights

Match the following lakes, names, shipwrights and vessels with a line.

Lake

Commander

Shipwrights

Vessels

Erie

Isaac Chauncey

Adam Brown

Lawrence & Niagara

Champlain

Thomas MacDonough

Henry Eckford

Eagle

Ontario

Oliver H. Perry

Noah and Adam Brown

Jefferson & Jones