Gudgeons found on the Molasses Reef shipwreck, probably Portuguese - probably
dating to the very early 16th century, and perhaps even dating to the late 15th century, in the time of the earliest
Portuguese voyages to the New World, such as the ones mentioned by Duarte Pacheco Pereira - show that had a stern
It is by no means sure that Portuguese Indiamen had stern panels in the first
half of the 16th century. Iconography shows these ships with both square sterns and round sterns with square tucks.
Only a few archaeological examples have survived, together with a drawing by João
Baptista Lavanha, included in his treatise Livro primeiro de arquitectura
naval, that dates to c. 1600: