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The Nautical Archaeology of the Azores

 

The Azorean Archipelago

 

 

1 - Shipwrecks in the Azores

by Paulo Monteiro

A carta arqueológica subaquática dos Açores

 

16th Century Shipwrecks

 

17th Century Shipwrecks

 

18th Century Shipwrecks

 

19th Century Shipwrecks

 

2 - Terceira Island: Report on the Underwater Archaeological Activity, 1996-1998

by Paulo Monteiro

With Azores's extensive maritime history and abundant coastline, shipwrecks are an important component of the region's underwater heritage. The vast majority of shipwrecks in Azorean waters do not contain gold, silver, jewelry or other precious metals. So-called "treasure" galleons that wrecked in the Azores were salvaged soon after the event whenever possible, since economic effects of so great a loss were profoundly felt throughout Europe. More than 900 ships are recorded as lost in the Azores; only 142 - circa 15% - of these ever carried treasure, of which 22 were wrecked inside Angra bay, in depths that go as deep as 60 meters.

The real treasure of the Angra bay shipwrecks is their potential to help us reconstruct a picture of the past. They represent time capsules left to us by the people who designed, built, loaded, and sailed the vessels. Shipwreck sites,
in contrast to most archaeological sites on land, often reflect the results of sudden cataclysmic events. existing by themselves, isolated in time and space, providing what the archaeologists call a closed context view of the past.

As such, all water craft found in the Azores reflect the history of the region and, quite often, its relationships with
other parts of the world. Each has a particular story to add to our knowledge of the island's history. This site intends
to share with you some of what we have been doing, in the Azores, since 1996.

Project Design

Historical background

Phoenicians in the Azores (by Patricia M. and Pierre M. Bikai)

Setting the Stage for Columbus (by Lionel Casson)

Underwater Team

Shipwrecks

 

Angra A

 

Angra B

 

Angra C

 

Angra D

 

Run'Her

 

Lidador

 

French Bronze Culverin

Relatorio Angra '98 (in Portuguese)

 

Introdução

 

Arqueologia de dois naufrágios

 

Angra C

 

Angra D

 

Bibliografia

 Revenge, 1591

 

Batalhas e Naufrágios nos Açores, 1591

 

Last Fight of the Revenge at Sea (by Sir Walter Raleigh)

 

The Revenge, A Ballad of The Fleet (by Alfred, Lord Tennyson)

 

3 - Faial Island Shipwrecks

by Paulo Monteiro

 

Naufrágios na Horta

 

1858 - Tempestade no Faial

 

Nossa Senhora da Luz, 1615 (I)

 

Nossa Senhora da Luz, 1615 (II)

 

Nossa Senhora da Luz, 1615 (III)

 

Nossa Senhora da Luz, 1615 (IV)

 

Nossa Senhora da Luz, 1615 (V)

 

General Armstrong, 1814

 

4 - S. Jorge Island Shipwrecks

by Paulo Monteiro

 

Naufrágios no Porto da Calheta, ilha de São Jorge, e suas cercanias

 

A HMS Pallas, um navio experimental

 

O naufrágio da Pallas, São Jorge, 1782 (I)

 

O naufrágio do lugre Spindrift , São Jorge, 1870

 

5 - Pico Island Shipwrecks

by Paulo Monteiro

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (I)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (II)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (III)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (IV)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (V)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (VI)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (VII)

 

O naufrágio da fragata l'Astrée, 1796 (VIII)

 

O naufrágio da barca Caroline, 1901

 

O naufrágio do Lakeside Bridge, 1920

 

6 - Flores Island Shipwrecks

by Paulo Monteiro

 

O naufrágio do Nuestra Señora de las Angustias y San José, 1727

 

Brillant, 1899

 

Slavonia, 1909

 

Bidart, 1915

 

7 - S. Miguel Island Shipwrecks

by Paulo Monteiro

 

O naufrágio da Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, 1779 (I)

 

O naufrágio da Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, 1779 (II)

 

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