S. Julião da Barra Pewter Ware

The description of the artifacts presented below follows the terminology adopted by Gotelipe-Miller for the Port Royal pewter flatware, as shown below on the figure below and on Table II.

Characterization of flatware is generally based on its shape, although pewter flatware was sold by weight rather than by size or diameter. Pewter flatware has a rim, a bouge (the curved part) and a well (the bottom).

Typologies are based on the shape and decoration of the rims, and on the relation between the size of the rim and the total diameter of the item.

Rims can be very broad (this type being known as Cardinal's hat), broad, medium and narrow. Decorations range from plain to several reeds (or rings), either casted or incised.

Table II
Pewter Flatware Types (after Gotelibe-Miller, p. 28)


Serving tray with Ø > 42 cm


Serving tray 27 cm > Ø > 42 cm

Deep dish

Serving tray with h > 3 cm


Dish for individual use 16.5 cm > Ø >27 cm


Dish for individual use Ø < 16.5 cm (also called butter plate)


Flat small tray for ecclesiastical uses


Deep container with rounded sides


Deep container with straight bottom and somewhat straight sides

The collection from São Julião da Barra shows only three types of rims. This study followed the rim characterization presented in Gotelipe-Miller and Brownsword & Pitt, as shown bellow, on Table III, and considered the single incised reed as Gotelibe-Miller Type 4 for simplicity.

Brownword, R. and Pitt, E.E.H. "X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis of English 13-16th Century Pewter Flatware", Archaeometry 26.2 (1984), pp. 237-244.

Gotelipe-Miller, Shirley, Pewter and Pewterers from Port Royal Jamaica: Flatware before 1692, Thesis on file at Texas A&M University, College Station, 1990.

Table III
Pewter Flatware Rim Types (after Gotelibe-Miller and Brownsword & Pitt)

Rim type


Brownsword & Pitt

Plain Rim

Type 1

Not considered

Single reed

Type 2

Type a if angled

Type c if with groove

Type d if rounded

Type e if below

Simple raised multiple reed

Type 3

Not considered

Incised simple reed

Not considered

Type b

Incised multiple reed

Type 4

Not considered

Complex multiple reed

Type 5

Not considered