Small Craft of Portugal after O. Lixa Filgueiras

Table of Regional Boats of the Last 90 Years

Octavio Lixa Filgueiras, The Decline of Portuguese Region Boats, Greenwich: National Maritime Museum Maritime Monographs and Reports, No. 47, 1980.


Name Use Region Length Beam Depth of Hold Construction Propulsion Crew Decoration

Barco Coastal Fishing Ribeira de Caminha 6 2 0.65 Like the Carocho 2 Oars, Sprit Sail 2-4 All Black
Marreira or Gamela Fishing and harvesting of seaweed & pilado All the coast from the mouth of the Minho to that of the Lima & southwards Max.4.7 Min.2.6 1.9 0.7 Masseira Sail; Povoa version of oars (has rudder) 2-3 Black/White (fish symbols etc.) or monochrome without decoration
Bateira River & coastal fishing Caminha/Ancora 4.93 5.10 1.85 1.97 0.57 0.68   Oars: Oars & Sail 2-3 Painted
Jangada For seaweed Amorosa - Castelo de Neiva 1.6 1.6 0.3 Platform of poplar logs (with trolley) Pole 1 None
Corticeira Raft for use over rocks: octopus fishing Marinha       Wooden frame packed with sliced cork strips Pole 1 None
Barca Raft Apúlia 2 0.85 0.37 As above but with trolley Pole 1 None
Jangada For seaweed Fão Coast 2.5 1 0.2 As Amorosa less trolley Pole 1 None
Cortiço For seaweed A-Ver-o-Mar 1.2 1.3 0.33 Four rolls of cork with two transverse wooden legs Pole 1 None
Canote or Batel Fishing, seaweed and Pilado Fão-Esposende and northwards 4.15 1.68 0.54 Double-ended, flat-bottom, flush-planked hull Sail, Povoa style oars (has rudder 2 Painted one color, name half way along side in another
Canote de Popa Aberta Variant of that above Fão-Esposende Similar to Canote or Batel Similar to Canote or Batel Similar to Canote or Batel Wide stern As above but no rudder; being steered by oar 2 Similar to Canote or Batel
Batel Cargo, transport & fishing (rivewr variant) Mouth of the Cávado 5.68 1.64 0.4 Double-ended, flat-bottom, flush-planked hull Pole (has rudder), spritsail, oars 2 Painting on sides, with one color background, white stripe all around
Lancha Grande Fishing for Whiting Póvoa de Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 13.6 3.4 1.25 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 15-27 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Lancha Pequena Fishing for Whiting Póvoa De Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 11.8 3.45 1.25 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 8-16 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Batel Sardine fishing Póvoa De Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 9.45 2.5 1.3 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 7-15 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Catraia Grande Sardine fishing Póvoa De Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 7.5 2.7 1.03 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 7-15 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Catraia Pequena Fishing for coastal fish Póvoa De Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 5.95 2.35 0.85 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 4-11 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Caico Fishing for pout Póvoa De Varzim, North Coast and Buarcos 3.6 1.5 0.7 Double-ended, keel and flush-planked hull Povoa style sail, oars (has rudder) 1-4 Three color scheme with emblems (laterly well painted) name central
Barco da Pescada Fishing Buarcos              
Carocho Fishing, transport and cargo The Minho To Vila Nova Da Cerveira 4.15 1.6 0.65 Double-ended, keel, clinker planking Sail; a third with oars or pole (has rudder) 2-4 All Black
Barco Variant of Carocho Minho To Vila Nova Da Cerveira to Ponto De Moura 4.15 1.6 0.65 Similar to Carocho but with wide stern Sail; a third with oars or pole (has rudder) 2-4 Painted one color
Barco de Passagem Transport & cargo Lapela              
Barco Cargo River Lima 16 3.05 0.7 Flat-bottom, cut-off stern, clinker built Sail; square or sprit, pole (has rudder) 2 None
Barquino Fishing, cargo & transport River Lima 10 2.18 0.6 Flat-bottom, cut-off stern, clinker built Pole 2  
Barca De Passegem Transport & cargo River Lima 8.5 3.2 0.5 Flat-bottom, cut-off stem & stern, clinker built Pole    
Rabelo More than 40 pipes of Port Douro above Entre-Os-Rios 19.5 4.4 1.7 Flat-bottom, clinker, bow of Barca, steering Apegadas Square sail, oars, tow-rope. steering sweep 10-12 Bow, stern & sweep painted, band of color on top of apegadas. Name painted on side
Barquinha Rabela Less than 40 pipes of Port Douro above Entre-Os-Rios       Flat-bottom, clinker, bow of Barca, steering Apegadas Square sail, oars, tow-rope. Steering sweep    
Barca de Passagem Transport & Cargo Douro above Entre-Os-Rios 13 3.3 0.5 Flat-bottom, clinker built Oars, steering sweep 1-2 Bow, stern & sweep painted, band of color on top of apegadas. Name painted on side
Rabão da Apegada Cargo Douro above Entre-Os-Rios 16.7 3.1 1.4 Same with Apegadas but long curved Rabao bow Square sail, steering sweep, tow-rope. 6-8 Bow, stern & sweep painted, band of color on top of apegadas. Name painted on side
Rabão de Rabo Baixo Cargo Douro above Entre-Os-Rios       Same without Apegadas Square sail, steering sweep, tow-rope. 4-6 Bow, stern & sweep painted, band of color on top of apegadas. Name painted on side
Rabão de Pesca Cargo, transport and fishing Douro above Entre-Os-Rios 19 2 1 Same without Apegadas Square sail, steering sweep, tow-rope. 2-3 Bow, stern & sweep painted, band of color on top of apegadas. Name painted on side
Rabão Branco Cargo & transport Douro, Pé De Moura       Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole & sweep 2-3  
Rabão do Carvao Cargo (coal) Douro, Concas 23.1 5.5 2 Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole & sweep 2-3  
Barco de Frete Cargo (coal) Douro, Casa Branca 17 3.45 1.2 Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole (no sweep) 2-3  
Barco de Padeiras Cargo & transport (woman bakers) Douro, Avintes       Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole (no sweep) 1-2  
Valboeiro Fishing, transport & cargo Douro, Valbom 7.3 1.75 6.7 Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole (no sweep) 1-3 Painted in one color, with emblem & name
Barco da Areia Cargo (sand) Douro, Cantareira       Flat-bottom, clinker, sharp bow Spritsail, oar, pole (no sweep) 2-4  
Batelas Fishing/smuggling River Minho above Monção 4.1 4.3 4.5 1.75 1.5 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.45 Flat-bottem, sharp bow, transom stern Oars, paddle & pole    
Barco Ferry & fishing Couro 3.87 1.3 0.46 Flat-bottem, sharp bow, double-ended Oars & Poles    
Barco Ferry & fishing River Lima 5.1 1.6 0.52 Flat-bottem, sharp bow, transom stern Oars & Poles    
Barco Miller's work Foz Do Neiva 3.83 1.9 0.6 Flat-bottem, sharp bow, transom stern Oars & Poles    
Barca Lower & simpler from Masseira for fishing & cargo Rivers Tâmega, Sabor, Tua, Tuella and Coa 2.8 variable 1.65 variable 0.45 variable Kind of irregular trapezoidal chest, most primative Pole 1  
Barca Ferry Entire River Cávado 5.8 variable 2.86 variable   Rudimentary flat-bottom sometimes dished, cut-off stern, some cut-off bows too Oars 1  
Gamela Ferry River Támega, Chapa 4.6 2.7 0.6 Trough shape, pointed bow Oars 1  
Guiga Ferry & transport River Támega, Gãtao 4.95 1.1 0.4 Flat-bottom, double-ended Oars & pole 1  
Barco Transport & cargo River Támega, Gãtao       Larger form of Guiga      
Barco Miller's boat River Paiva 3.93 1.2 0.45        
Caique Transport, recreation and fishing Tâmega & Douro (Oporto-Foz) Barrinha De Esmoriz Buarcos (Barquino Do Coberto), Gala 5.1 1.57 0.62 Flat-bottom, cut-off stern derived from the dory but clinker built hull Oars, and occasionally sail 1-2 Painted in one color enlivened by another along the edges
Douro Grande (Dori) Fishing Gala (Mondego) 6.1 2.05 0. 85 Flat-bottom & clinker Oars, and occasionally sail   Painted in one color enlivened by another along the edges
Barcos do Mar (Saveiros & Meias Luas) Fishing All the coast from Espinho To Veira De Leiria 16.5 3.8 1.5 Flat-bottem, flush planking, half-moon shape (without rudder) Oars 46 or 36 Longitudinal stripes, name amidships, small panels painted on bow & stern
Bateira do Mar Fishing Aguda-Furadouro 9 2.18 0.64 Flat-bottem, flush planking, half-moon shape, very low stern (without rudder) Oars 6 Bow panels, hull of one color & contrasting edges
Moliceiro Cargo Aveiro Lagoon (Murtuosa) 15 2.5 1 Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 2-3 Panels on bow & stern, base of stemheads & 'golfioes'; edges & rudder black
Moliceiro Cargo Aveiro Lagoon (Mira) 13.3     Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 2-3 Panels on black background
Moliceiro Cargo Aveiro Lagoon (Salreu) 9.3 1.35 0.42 Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 2 All black
Saleiro (Mercantel) Cargo (salt) Aveiro Lagoon 19.4 2.12 0.9 Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 2 All pitched, painted panels on bow & stern
Mercanteis Cargo & transport Aveiro Lagoon Smaller than above but same model       Pole, sail & tow-rope    
Bateira Mercantel Cargo & fishing Aveiro Lagoon 14.4 2.62 1.28 Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 2-3 One color with contrasting edges
Chinchoro Labrega Cargo Aveiro Lagoon 9     Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope   One color with contrasting edges
Bateira Ilhava Fishing Aveiro Lagoon 9.15 1.88 0.53 Flat-bottom, flush planking (with rudder) Pole, sail & tow-rope 4-7 Pitched black
Bateira Marinhoa Transport & cargo Aveiro Lagoon 8.75 1.75 0.55 Same as Moliceiro but has straight stem Pole, oars   Pitched black
Cacadeira Shooting, fishing Aveiro Lagoon 7.1 1.6 0.49 Same as Moliceiro but has straight stem Sail, pole & oars 2 Pitched black
Bateira Erveira Transport & cargo Aveiro Lagoon 5.05 1.2 0.35 Same as Moliceiro but has raised bow Pole   Pitched black
Barca Serrana Cargo & Transport R. Mondego above Coimbra (Pensacova) 17 2.4 0.85 Flat-bottom, flush planks Pole, sail, oars   Pitched black
Barco Cargo & Transport R. Mondego above Coimbra (Pensacova)              
Barco do Lavrador Cargo & Transport (fishing) R. Mondego above Coimbra (Pensacova) 7.9 1.2 0.48 Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail, pole   Pitched black
Barco Fishing R. Mondego above Coimbra (Pensacova) 4.78 1.2 0.57        
Barco   Above Montemor-O-Velho (Eireira) 5.67 1.24 0.4 Flat-bottom, flush planks Pole & oars    
Barco Ferry Eireira 9.5 1.95          
Barco Cargo & transport Eireira              
Bateira Grande Cargo & transport R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon) 10.8 1.8   Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with white band & eye-patch
Bateira Pequenta Cargo & transport R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon) 6 1.7   Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with white band & eye-patch
Bateira Ferry R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon)       Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars    
Batel Cargo R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon) 23.5 2.5 1.1 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars    
Barca Cargo & transport R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon) 8.15 1.8 0.4 Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & pole   Pitched black
Bote Transport R. Mondego (Lavos Lagoon)       Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & pole    
Muleta Sea and river fishing Final reach of R. Mondego 8 1.6   Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & oars   One color, white band & eye
Bateira Fishing Buaros 7.3 2.1 0.5 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, name & edges marked
Masseira Fishing S. Martinho Do Porto       Rudimentary box shape      
Barquinho Fishing Mouth of River Alcoa 3.05 1.33 0.3 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color
Barquinho-Vigia Fishing S. Martinho Do Porto       Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with contrasting color edges
Neta Fishing Nazare       Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with contrasting color edges; eye, name and simple shapes in colors
Netinha Fishing Nazare       Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with contrasting color edges; eye, name and simple shapes in colors
Barco do Candil Fishing Nazare 4.7 2.2 0.25 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color with contrasting color edges; eye, name and simple shapes in colors
Bateira Fishing Óbidos Lagoon 6.25 1.65 0.2 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars, pole   Pitched black
Bateira Fishing River Tagus, Rossio To S. Tagus To Rodão 5.8 1.5 0.46 Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & oars    
Barco Fishin, ferry and transport River Zêzere (Oleiros)              
Barca Ferry River Zêzere (Covilha)              
Abrangel Ferry Fork of R. Nãboa & R. Tagus 7.25 1.53 0.35 Flat-bottom, flush planks Pole    
Bote Transport R. Tagus: Tramagel 5.6 1.75 0.5 Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & oars    
Lancha Fishing R. Tagus: Vila Franca De Xira       Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail & oars    
Varino Cargo R. Tagus: below Abrantes 19.5 5.4   Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail   Painted stem, stern and edges, interior decorated
Varino de Pau Aresta Cargo R. Tagus: below Abrantes 17.86 4.08   Flat-bottom, flush planks Sail   Painted stem, stern and edges, interior decorated
Saveiro Fishing Caparica / Fonte De Telha 7.75 2.2 0.9 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, bands at edges & near bottom (some have eyes)
Lancha Sevara Fishing Caparica / Fonte De Telha 5 1.85 0.7 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, bands at edges & near bottom (some have eyes)
Chata Fishing Costa Do Sol / Fonte De Telha 5 1.85 0.7 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, with or without band
Saveiro Chata Fishing Fonte De Telha 7.35 2.35 0.9 Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, with or without band
Chato Fishing Sezimbra       Flat-bottom, flush planks Oars   One color, with or without band
Bateira Cargo, ferry, fishing R. Vouga above Angeja 5 1.35 0.35 Primitive, flat-bottomed, double-ended, almond shape Pole    
Barco do Molico Cargo Pateira De Fermentelos 4.4 1.2 0.33 Primitive, flat-bottomed, bow pointed Pole    
Patacha Transport Aveiro Lagoon 4.4 1.4 0.3 Flat, straight stem Pole   All pitched
Barco do Moliero Transport & cargo River Mondego (Góis) 6.05 1.6 0.5 Primitive, flat-bottomed Pole   All pitched
Barca da Areia Cargo (sand) River Nabão (Tomar) 6.05 1.6 0.5 Primitive, flat-bottomed, hexagonal Pole   All pitched
Barca da Areia Cargo (sand) River Liz (Leiria)       Primitive, flat-bottomed, lenticular Pole   All pitched
Fragata Cargo River Tagus 20-25     Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Pitched black
Bote-Fragata Cargo River Tagus 11.5 3.76 1.7 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail    
Bote Cacilheiro Cargo River Tagus 10.22 3.06 1.37 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Colored edges & decorated cheeks and interior
Bote do Pinho Cargo River Tagus 13.28 4.08 1.75 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Decorated edges & cheeks
Falua Cargo River Tagus 13.6 3.9 1.4 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Small band on stem, stern, edges & cheek outlines
Bote da Tartaranha Fishing River Tagus 9.6 3.25 1.46 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Small band on stem, stern, edges & cheek outlines
Bote Catraio Fishing River Tagus 6.33 2.14 0.79 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Small band on side
Cangueiro Cargo River Tagus 18.12 4.64 1.4 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail   Decorated edges & cheeks
Bote de Meia quilha Cargo River Tagus              
Caique Fishing Sea-coast from Extremadura to Algarve (including R. Tagus) 17.5 4.7 1.56 Keel, flush plank, transom stern     Colored with contrasting edges (sometimes with cheeks in another color
Canoa Fishing Sea-coast from Extremadura to Algarve (including R. Tagus) 11.63 8.9 3.78 2.97 1.42 1.35 Keel, flush plank, transom stern     Colored with contrasting edges (sometimes with cheeks in another color
Lancha Fishing Sea-coast from Extremadura to Algarve (including R. Tagus) 6 4.75 1.98 1.9 .75 .65 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail & oars   Colored with contrasting edges (sometimes with cheeks in another color
Bote Fishing Sea-coast from Extremadura to Algarve (including R. Tagus) 4.68 3.5 1.78 0.78 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail & oars   Colored with contrasting edges (sometimes with cheeks in another color
Lanchinha Fishing Tagus estuary       Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail & oars    
Rasca Fishing Ericeira         Sail & oars    
Focinheira Fishing Ericeira         Sail & oars    
Muleta Fishing Tagus         Sail    
Barca Transport & cargo Nazaré 10.5     Keel, flush plank, double ended Oars   One color, contrasting edges
Lancha Fixed nets Peniche         Sail & oars    
Bateis Fixed nets Peniche         Sail & oars    
Traineiras Fishing Peniche         Sail & oars    
Barcas Fixed nets Sezimbra         Sail & oars    
Galeão Fishing Setúbal         Sail & oars    
Galeonete Fishing Setúbal         Sail & oars    
Buque   Setúbal         Sail & oars    
Calão Fixed nets Algarve 12 3.48 1.04 Keel, flush plank, transom stern Sail & oars    
Laude Fish carrier Algarve         Sail & oars    
Calão Fishing (Xavega) Algarve coast 8.75 0.8 0.9 Keel, flush plank, transom stern     One color, contrasting edges, painted eye on cheeks
Barca Fishing (Xavega) Algarve coast              
Vigia Fishing (Xavega) Algarve coast              
Barco Ferry, fishing R. Guadiana (Mourão) 4.93 1.65 0.49        
Barco Ferry, fishing R. Guadiana (Pedrogão) 4.53 1.5 0.4        
Barca Cart ferry R. Guadiana (Moura)              
 
 


Citation Information:

Filipe Castro

2004, Boats of Portugal: Working Watercraft List (O. Lixa Filgueiras), World Wide Web, URL, http://nautarch.tamu.edu/shiplab/, Nautical Archaeology Program, Texas A&M University