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Artifacts Recovered off the Southwestern Turkish Coast by Institute of Nautical Archaeology Shipwreck Surveys in 1973 and 1980.

Margaret Cowin
Thesis: August 1986
Chair: Bass
Nautical Archaeology Program

Each year the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA), in a continuing search for wrecks to excavate, conducts a survey of sites along the Turkish coast. The representative pieces which are retrieved in order to date each site are generating a study collection in the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology that expands the known corpus of ancient and medieval wares. Of the fifty-nine miscellaneous artifacts studied which were recovered during the 1973 and 1980 surveys, the bulk of material is Hellenistic to Byzantine, but hte entire collection extends from a twelfth-century B.C. skyphos to a fifteenth-century A.C. glazed Mamluk fragment, emphasizing the long history of sea trade in the area. There are examples of Rhodian amphoras of nearly the complete range of production. The proportional numbers of certain artifacts underline two well-known features of ancient commerce in the area: the general vigor of Hellenistic trade and the strength of Rhodes as a mercantile center.

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