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This was an ocean-going cargo ship, called a knarr, build of oak, pine and lime wood, originally 54 ft long and 15 ft broad, built between AD 1030 - 1050.

Compared with other Viking ships we have seen and will see, her sides are very high and her bow and stern very full and rounded, so that she had ample capacity for a ship of her size (hold volume of 35 cubic meters). It was in this type of vessel that the Viking families migrated to such places as Iceland and Greenland. In the Viking sagas this type of cargo ship is known as a knarr.

The full, round bows and sterns of knarrs were so characteristic of these vessels that in one Icelandic saga, two women are described as being knarr-breasted.

The middle 1/3 of the length of the hull of this ship was devoted to an open cargo hold. The forward and after 1/3 of the hull were decked.

There were four oar ports in the bow and another four oar ports in the stern for rowing when the wind was not favorable. The sides of the hull are quite high compared to the level of the cross beams. The side frames and cross beams are very important in the construction of his hull. The hull itself is very robust in comparison to the Gokstad ship.

Note that in the case of all the Skuldelev vessels, the bottom planking is treenailed and not lashed to the frames. Although the bottom planking in the hull is a little over an inch thick, the side planking is as much as 2.5 inches thick. Although this hull is clearly within the Viking tradition of hull construction, it is unlike any other Viking ship we will look at in terms of heaviness and solidity of its construction. It was well suited to carry heavy cargoes out into the Atlantic Ocean.

We can see that the ship is very full and rounded. Although the hull bottom is sharply v-shaped in section in the bow, in the midship area, the hull bottom shape is only very mildly v-shaped. This increases the hold capacity of the ship. Since the ship had a very deep draught of 1.5 meters when fully loaded, she did not need a strongly v-shaped bottom for lateral resistance and stability.