Week 4. Northern European Colonization and Trade. Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter 6 Lecture: The English, French and Dutch in the New World. Seminar topics:

1. Shakespeare's Tempest Wreck: The Galleon Sea Venture(1609).

2. Pipes A-plenty: The Monte Cristi Wreck,

  1. Texas Death Trip, Part 11: La Salle's Belle (I 686).

  2. Characteristics of the Eighteenth-century Merchant Sailer: Ronson Ship, New York City; Deadman's Idand, Fla.; St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica; The Phipps Wreck, St. Lawrence River, Quebec.

Week 5. Anglo-French Conflicts in the Americas. Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter 7. Lecture: War in the Wilderness: The Struggle for the North American Continent. Seminar topics:

1. Too Little, Too Late: The Frigate Machatrlr (1760).

2. The Eighteenth Century'sAll-purpose Boat: Bateaux Finds at Quebec City and Lake George.

3. The Radeau Land Tortoise (1758).

4. Jeffery Amherst's Lake Sloop Boscac.en (I 759) [Crisman].

Week 6. Naval Aspects of the Revolutionary War.
Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter 8.
Lecture: A Synopsis of American and British Naval Activity, 1775-1783.
Seminar topics:

1. Benedict Arnold's Gondola Philadelphia (I 776).

  1. Penobscot Debacle: The Privateer Brig Defence (1 779).

  2. The Short Life and Flaming Finale of the Frigate H.M.S. Charon (1 781).

  3. Yorktown Cofferdam Wreck -the Brig Belsy? (178 I).

Week 7. Freshwater Fleets: The Naval War of 1812.
Reading: Bass. ed., Chapter 9.
Lecture: A Synopsis of the War of I 812 onthe Oceans and Lakes.
Seminar topics:

I. Row Galleys on Lakes, Rivers, and Bays: The Gunboat Allen and the Mallorytown and Patuxent Wrecks.

  1. The Armed Merchant Schooners Hamilton and Scourge (1813).

  2. The US,Naw's 20-gun Lake Brigs ila'iiig~ra,Eagle. and Jefferson[Crisman].


Week 8. Afloat and Ashore: The Life of the Sailor. Reading: Creighton, Margaret S, Dopatch & Liberty Days. Salem: Peabody Museum of Salem, 1982. Copy on reserve in the Nautical I,ibrary. Lec.lure:Primwy Accounts of Seafiring Voyages and Nautical Archaeology. Seminar topics:

  1. Iberian Seafaring Life in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

  2. The Seventeenth-century English Sailor: Barlow's Journui.

  3. Quarter Deck and Forecastle: The Nmtives of the Early Nineteenth-century American Sailors Charles Tyng and Ned Myers.

4. Shipboard Sanitation and Medicine.

Week 9. Inland Waters I: Canals and Ferries.

Reading: Shaw, Ronald. Canalsfor u Nution. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1990. Copy on reserve in the Nautical Library. Brown, Augusta W. ("Dauber"). "Notes of a Canal Boat Trip Taken Summer of 1895." Typescript Travelogue from the New York State Archives. Copy on reserve in the Nautical Libw. Crisman, Kevin J. and Arthur B.Cohn. When Horses Walked on Wafer:

Horse-powered Ferries in Nineteenth-century Arnericu. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Lecture: Remarks on the Impact of Canals on American Society.
Seminar topics:

  1. Clinton's Big Ditch; The History and Engineering of the Erie Canal.

  2. The Design, Construction, and Daily Operations of Canal Boats.

3. The Sailing Canal Boats of Lake Champlain.

4. Horse-powered Ferries [Crisman].

Week 10. Inland Waters XI: Steam on Lakes and Rivers. Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter 10. Marestier, Jean Baptiste. Memoir on Stearnboafs of the United States of

America. Mystic, Connecticut: The Marine Historical Association, Inc., 1957. On Reserve in the Nautical Library. Twain, Mark Life on the Mississippi. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.ChaptersI-XX photocopied and on reserve in the Nautical Library.

Lccture: Brief Remarks on the Impact of Steam Propulsion on American Society. Seminar topics:

1.Early Steamers: Phoenix and Lady Sherbrooke.

  1. Laden with Cargo: The Western River Steamboats Bertrund and Arabia.

  2. Great Lakes Steamships and the Propeller Indiana.

4. Ongoing Research on the Western River Steamboat Heroine I,Crjsman].

Week 11. Tbe Golden Age of Sail in the United States, 1815-1860. Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter t 2.

Reality Check: Accounts of trans-Atlantic voyages by Charles Dic kens, Thomas Cather, and others (photocopied file on reserve in the Nautical Archaeology Library).

Lecture: Brief Remarks on America's Era of Maritime Enterprise.
Seminar topics:

I. Quest for Speed. Part I: Baltimore Clippers and Sailing Packets.

2. North Atlantic Steamships, 1 8 1Y-1860

  1. Quest for Specd. Part 11: Clipper Ships.

  2. The Charles W. hforgan and American Whaling.

Week 12. The Civil War. Reading: Bass, ed., Chapter 1 1. Lecture: The Bitter Fruits of the Revolution in Shipbuilding and Naval Technology. Seminar topics:

1. Mr. Ericsson's Monitor.

2. The Western River lronclad Cairo.
3, Despoiler of the
Union Merchant Fleet: The Confederate Raider AEahnma.

4. Iron Coffms: The Submersible Hunley and the Confederate Submarine Program.

Week 13. Out with the Old, In with the New: Wood to Iron, Canvas to Steam. Reading: Skip it this week, work on your tenn paper instead. Lecture: Brief Remarks on the End of the Age of Sail. Seminar topics:

1. Fast mrd Economical: The Down Easters.

2. The Lake Champlain Sidewheel Sterner Ticonderugu.

3. The Waning of Cornnlercial Sail: Those Big Merchant Schooners.

4. Marine Painting. An Untapped Resource far Nautical Archaeologists [Crisman].

Week 14. Presentation of Term Paper Research.

Course Requirements:

During the semester each student will be assigned several topics to research and present in class (the numhr of presentations you make will depend upon the size of the class). Presentations musf be no more than one-half hour in length. Stay within this time limit. Please prepare and distribute a bibliography of the sources consulted for your seminar presentation. Use of visual aids such as slides, photocopied handouts, PowerpointTMprqjections. chalkboard illustrations, or interpretive dances is strongly encouraged.

In addition, each student is to conduct research on some aspect of New World seafaring and prepare a publishable-quality term paper on the subject. A brief (100 word) abstract of your proposed research and a preliminary bibliography are due on Janq 3 1. Each student will present the results of his or her research during the final class session (to be arranged). The paper is to be submitted on or before 5 p.m., Thursday, May 4,2006. Submitting your paper after this date will result in a lower grade,

~JVPlease note: 1 read term papers carefulty, which means 1read them slowly. It is possible that I may not be able to read your paper and gade it before the deadline to turn in the Spring, 2006 gades (May 15); if this occurs you will receive a temporary "Tacomplete' until the paper is graded and I can submit a "Change of Grade" form. Do not be alarmed by an "hcomplete" unless you failed to turn in your paper. lfyou need to get the final grade on your transcript by May 15 (forjob or graduate school applications, for example), please let me how by May 4.

The fmal grade: 50% ctass presentationdparticipationand 50% term paper.

Attendance of all classes and active participation in discussions are encouraged.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discriminationstatute that provides comprehensive civil rights prolecrion for persons with disabilities. Among otber things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring accomm&tion, please contact the Office of Support Services for Students with Disabilities in Room 126 of the Student Services Building. The telephone number is 845-1637.

Anthropology 628
New World Seafaring
Spring, 2006

Course Schedule

Week 1 Introduction January 17 W'sek 2 European Exploration and Colonization January 24 Week 3 Spanish Seaborne Empire January 3 1 Term paper abstract and short bibliography due Week 4 Northern European Colonizationand Trade Febw 7 Week 5 Anglo-French Conflicts February 14 Week 6 Naval Aspects of the Revotutionary War February 21 Week 7 Naval Warof 1812 February 28 Week 8 The Life of the Sailor March 7 Spring Break -No Class (March 14) Week 9 Inland Waters 1: Canals and Ferries March 21 Week 10 Inland Waters 11: Steam on Lakes and Rivers March 28 Week 1 1 Ciolden Age of Sail April 4 Week I2 The Civil War April 11 Week 13 The End of the Age of Sail. April 18 Week 14 Presentation of Term Paper Research ApriI 25 Term Paper Due Thursday, May 4 by 5 p.m.